The status of 4th generation district heating: Research and results

Henrik Lund, Poul Alberg Østergaard, Miguel Chang, Sven Werner, Svend Svendsen, Peter Sorknæs, Jan Eric Thorsen, Frede Hvelplund, Bent Ole Gram Mortensen, Brian Vad Mathiesen, Carsten Bojesen, Neven Duic, Xiliang Zhang, Bernd Möller

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review article presents a description of contemporary developments and findings related to the different elements needed in future 4th generation district heating systems (4GDH). Unlike the first three generations of district heating, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as the integration of district heating into a future smart energy system based on renewable energy sources. Following a review of recent 4GDH research, the article quantifies the costs and benefits of 4GDH in future sustainable energy systems. Costs involve an upgrade of heating systems and of the operation of the distribution grids, while benefits are lower grid losses, a better utilization of low-temperature heat sources and improved efficiency in the production compared to previous district heating systems. It is quantified how benefits exceed costs by a safe margin with the benefits of systems integration being the most important.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy
Volume164
Pages (from-to)147-159
Number of pages13
ISSN0360-5442
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

District heating
Costs
Heating

Keywords

  • 4 generation district heating
  • 4GDH
  • Low-temperature district heating
  • Meta conclusions
  • Smart energy systems
  • Smart thermal grids

Cite this

Lund, Henrik ; Østergaard, Poul Alberg ; Chang, Miguel ; Werner, Sven ; Svendsen, Svend ; Sorknæs, Peter ; Thorsen, Jan Eric ; Hvelplund, Frede ; Mortensen, Bent Ole Gram ; Mathiesen, Brian Vad ; Bojesen, Carsten ; Duic, Neven ; Zhang, Xiliang ; Möller, Bernd. / The status of 4th generation district heating : Research and results. In: Energy. 2018 ; Vol. 164. pp. 147-159.
@article{b72d1895aed04997b1ba4fdf845e71c0,
title = "The status of 4th generation district heating: Research and results",
abstract = "This review article presents a description of contemporary developments and findings related to the different elements needed in future 4th generation district heating systems (4GDH). Unlike the first three generations of district heating, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as the integration of district heating into a future smart energy system based on renewable energy sources. Following a review of recent 4GDH research, the article quantifies the costs and benefits of 4GDH in future sustainable energy systems. Costs involve an upgrade of heating systems and of the operation of the distribution grids, while benefits are lower grid losses, a better utilization of low-temperature heat sources and improved efficiency in the production compared to previous district heating systems. It is quantified how benefits exceed costs by a safe margin with the benefits of systems integration being the most important.",
keywords = "4 generation district heating, 4GDH, Low-temperature district heating, Meta conclusions, Smart energy systems, Smart thermal grids",
author = "Henrik Lund and {\O}stergaard, {Poul Alberg} and Miguel Chang and Sven Werner and Svend Svendsen and Peter Sorkn{\ae}s and Thorsen, {Jan Eric} and Frede Hvelplund and Mortensen, {Bent Ole Gram} and Mathiesen, {Brian Vad} and Carsten Bojesen and Neven Duic and Xiliang Zhang and Bernd M{\"o}ller",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.206",
language = "English",
volume = "164",
pages = "147--159",
journal = "Energy",
issn = "0360-5442",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

The status of 4th generation district heating : Research and results. / Lund, Henrik; Østergaard, Poul Alberg; Chang, Miguel; Werner, Sven; Svendsen, Svend; Sorknæs, Peter; Thorsen, Jan Eric; Hvelplund, Frede; Mortensen, Bent Ole Gram; Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Bojesen, Carsten; Duic, Neven; Zhang, Xiliang; Möller, Bernd.

In: Energy, Vol. 164, 01.12.2018, p. 147-159.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The status of 4th generation district heating

T2 - Research and results

AU - Lund, Henrik

AU - Østergaard, Poul Alberg

AU - Chang, Miguel

AU - Werner, Sven

AU - Svendsen, Svend

AU - Sorknæs, Peter

AU - Thorsen, Jan Eric

AU - Hvelplund, Frede

AU - Mortensen, Bent Ole Gram

AU - Mathiesen, Brian Vad

AU - Bojesen, Carsten

AU - Duic, Neven

AU - Zhang, Xiliang

AU - Möller, Bernd

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - This review article presents a description of contemporary developments and findings related to the different elements needed in future 4th generation district heating systems (4GDH). Unlike the first three generations of district heating, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as the integration of district heating into a future smart energy system based on renewable energy sources. Following a review of recent 4GDH research, the article quantifies the costs and benefits of 4GDH in future sustainable energy systems. Costs involve an upgrade of heating systems and of the operation of the distribution grids, while benefits are lower grid losses, a better utilization of low-temperature heat sources and improved efficiency in the production compared to previous district heating systems. It is quantified how benefits exceed costs by a safe margin with the benefits of systems integration being the most important.

AB - This review article presents a description of contemporary developments and findings related to the different elements needed in future 4th generation district heating systems (4GDH). Unlike the first three generations of district heating, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as the integration of district heating into a future smart energy system based on renewable energy sources. Following a review of recent 4GDH research, the article quantifies the costs and benefits of 4GDH in future sustainable energy systems. Costs involve an upgrade of heating systems and of the operation of the distribution grids, while benefits are lower grid losses, a better utilization of low-temperature heat sources and improved efficiency in the production compared to previous district heating systems. It is quantified how benefits exceed costs by a safe margin with the benefits of systems integration being the most important.

KW - 4 generation district heating

KW - 4GDH

KW - Low-temperature district heating

KW - Meta conclusions

KW - Smart energy systems

KW - Smart thermal grids

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053436797&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.206

DO - 10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.206

M3 - Review article

VL - 164

SP - 147

EP - 159

JO - Energy

JF - Energy

SN - 0360-5442

ER -