Towards automatisation of the Swedish property formation process

A structural and logical analysis of property subdivision

Magnus Hjelmbom, Fredrik Bökman, Marina Eklund, Jesper Mayntz Paasch, Jenny Paulsson

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The ongoing digitalization of public administration and increased automation of legal decision-making bears promise to benefit citizens, businesses and other stakeholders through simpler and more efficient civil processes, and thus has great impact on the urban planning and building process. However, automation of decision-making that is directed or constrained by normative systems such as laws, regulations and policies, requires a detailed and accurate representation of these concepts and their constituent parts, and the domain to which they are applied. This paper combines two perspectives on formalisation and classification of legal relations within the urban planning and building domain. In a cross- disciplinary fashion, the paper analyses and describes a small part of this domain at a higher level of abstraction and formalization using two different analysis instruments. Using these tools, we perform structural and conceptual as well as logical analyses of two specific snapshots of a fictitious property subdivision case in Sweden, focusing on the legal relations between different entities and parties involved in the specific situations. The structural analysis uses the Land Administration Domain Model ISO 19152:2012 standard formalism, and the logical analysis is based on the notion of atomic types of legal relations. The paper discusses some of the strengths and weaknesses of the two tools regarding the formal representation of rights, restrictions and responsibilities of different parties in the land administration domain, as well as how the tools relate to each other and how they can be aligned. This paper takes one step towards a deeper understanding of the domain, and identify areas for future research that may provide better conditions for efficient and transparent use of geospatial information, and automation of the property subdivision process and other related civil processes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research
Volume14
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)29-63
ISSN1459-5877
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Fingerprint

automation
formalization
urban planning
digitalization
decision making
structural analysis
abstraction
public administration
Sweden
stakeholder
citizen
regulation
responsibility
Law

Keywords

  • cadastre
  • land management
  • digitalisation
  • automation
  • subdivision
  • real property
  • LADM
  • normative positions

Cite this

@article{914e3eac70424879b9a8e988f688ad00,
title = "Towards automatisation of the Swedish property formation process: A structural and logical analysis of property subdivision",
abstract = "The ongoing digitalization of public administration and increased automation of legal decision-making bears promise to benefit citizens, businesses and other stakeholders through simpler and more efficient civil processes, and thus has great impact on the urban planning and building process. However, automation of decision-making that is directed or constrained by normative systems such as laws, regulations and policies, requires a detailed and accurate representation of these concepts and their constituent parts, and the domain to which they are applied. This paper combines two perspectives on formalisation and classification of legal relations within the urban planning and building domain. In a cross- disciplinary fashion, the paper analyses and describes a small part of this domain at a higher level of abstraction and formalization using two different analysis instruments. Using these tools, we perform structural and conceptual as well as logical analyses of two specific snapshots of a fictitious property subdivision case in Sweden, focusing on the legal relations between different entities and parties involved in the specific situations. The structural analysis uses the Land Administration Domain Model ISO 19152:2012 standard formalism, and the logical analysis is based on the notion of atomic types of legal relations. The paper discusses some of the strengths and weaknesses of the two tools regarding the formal representation of rights, restrictions and responsibilities of different parties in the land administration domain, as well as how the tools relate to each other and how they can be aligned. This paper takes one step towards a deeper understanding of the domain, and identify areas for future research that may provide better conditions for efficient and transparent use of geospatial information, and automation of the property subdivision process and other related civil processes.",
keywords = "cadastre, land management, digitalisation, automation, subdivision, real property, LADM, normative positions",
author = "Magnus Hjelmbom and Fredrik B{\"o}kman and Marina Eklund and Paasch, {Jesper Mayntz} and Jenny Paulsson",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "29--63",
journal = "Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research",
issn = "1459-5877",
publisher = "Maanmittaustieteiden Seura r.y.",
number = "1",

}

Towards automatisation of the Swedish property formation process : A structural and logical analysis of property subdivision. / Hjelmbom, Magnus; Bökman, Fredrik; Eklund, Marina; Paasch, Jesper Mayntz; Paulsson , Jenny.

In: Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research, Vol. 14, No. 1, 06.2019, p. 29-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Towards automatisation of the Swedish property formation process

T2 - A structural and logical analysis of property subdivision

AU - Hjelmbom, Magnus

AU - Bökman, Fredrik

AU - Eklund, Marina

AU - Paasch, Jesper Mayntz

AU - Paulsson , Jenny

PY - 2019/6

Y1 - 2019/6

N2 - The ongoing digitalization of public administration and increased automation of legal decision-making bears promise to benefit citizens, businesses and other stakeholders through simpler and more efficient civil processes, and thus has great impact on the urban planning and building process. However, automation of decision-making that is directed or constrained by normative systems such as laws, regulations and policies, requires a detailed and accurate representation of these concepts and their constituent parts, and the domain to which they are applied. This paper combines two perspectives on formalisation and classification of legal relations within the urban planning and building domain. In a cross- disciplinary fashion, the paper analyses and describes a small part of this domain at a higher level of abstraction and formalization using two different analysis instruments. Using these tools, we perform structural and conceptual as well as logical analyses of two specific snapshots of a fictitious property subdivision case in Sweden, focusing on the legal relations between different entities and parties involved in the specific situations. The structural analysis uses the Land Administration Domain Model ISO 19152:2012 standard formalism, and the logical analysis is based on the notion of atomic types of legal relations. The paper discusses some of the strengths and weaknesses of the two tools regarding the formal representation of rights, restrictions and responsibilities of different parties in the land administration domain, as well as how the tools relate to each other and how they can be aligned. This paper takes one step towards a deeper understanding of the domain, and identify areas for future research that may provide better conditions for efficient and transparent use of geospatial information, and automation of the property subdivision process and other related civil processes.

AB - The ongoing digitalization of public administration and increased automation of legal decision-making bears promise to benefit citizens, businesses and other stakeholders through simpler and more efficient civil processes, and thus has great impact on the urban planning and building process. However, automation of decision-making that is directed or constrained by normative systems such as laws, regulations and policies, requires a detailed and accurate representation of these concepts and their constituent parts, and the domain to which they are applied. This paper combines two perspectives on formalisation and classification of legal relations within the urban planning and building domain. In a cross- disciplinary fashion, the paper analyses and describes a small part of this domain at a higher level of abstraction and formalization using two different analysis instruments. Using these tools, we perform structural and conceptual as well as logical analyses of two specific snapshots of a fictitious property subdivision case in Sweden, focusing on the legal relations between different entities and parties involved in the specific situations. The structural analysis uses the Land Administration Domain Model ISO 19152:2012 standard formalism, and the logical analysis is based on the notion of atomic types of legal relations. The paper discusses some of the strengths and weaknesses of the two tools regarding the formal representation of rights, restrictions and responsibilities of different parties in the land administration domain, as well as how the tools relate to each other and how they can be aligned. This paper takes one step towards a deeper understanding of the domain, and identify areas for future research that may provide better conditions for efficient and transparent use of geospatial information, and automation of the property subdivision process and other related civil processes.

KW - cadastre

KW - land management

KW - digitalisation

KW - automation

KW - subdivision

KW - real property

KW - LADM

KW - normative positions

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

SP - 29

EP - 63

JO - Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research

JF - Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research

SN - 1459-5877

IS - 1

ER -