Transitioning Island Energy Systems - Local Conditions, Development Phases and Renewable Energy Integration

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Abstract

Islands typically have sensitive energy systems depending on natural surroundings, but innovative technologies and the exploitation of renewable energy (RE) sources present opportunities, like self-sufficiency, but also challenges, such as grid instability. Samsø, Orkney and Madeira are in the transition to increase the RE share towards 100% - however this is addressed in different ways depending on the local conditions and current development phases in the transition. Scenarios focusing on the short-term introduction of new technologies in the energy systems are presented, where the electricity sector is coupled with the other energy sectors. Here, both smart grid and sector integrating solutions form an important part in the next 5-15 years. The scenarios are analysed using the modelling tool EnergyPLAN, enabling a comparison of today’s reference scenarios with 2030 scenarios of higher RE share. By including three islands across Europe, different locations, development stages and interconnection levels are analysed. The analyses suggest that the various smart grid solutions play an important part in the transition, however, local conditions, sector integration and balancing technologies even more so. Overall, the suggestions complement each other and pave the way to reach 100% RE integration for both islands and potentially other similar regions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number18
ISSN1996-1073
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2019

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Local System
Renewable Energy
Sector
Scenarios
Smart Grid
Energy
Sufficiency
Electricity
Interconnection
Balancing
Exploitation
High Energy
Complement
Grid
Modeling

Keywords

  • Island energy system transition
  • 100% RE pathways
  • RE integration
  • Smart grid technologies
  • Energy sector integration
  • Smart energy system
  • Samsø
  • Orkney
  • Madeira

Cite this

@article{95cc3ecf20074690909314d623e45180,
title = "Transitioning Island Energy Systems - Local Conditions, Development Phases and Renewable Energy Integration",
abstract = "Islands typically have sensitive energy systems depending on natural surroundings, but innovative technologies and the exploitation of renewable energy (RE) sources present opportunities, like self-sufficiency, but also challenges, such as grid instability. Sams{\o}, Orkney and Madeira are in the transition to increase the RE share towards 100{\%} - however this is addressed in different ways depending on the local conditions and current development phases in the transition. Scenarios focusing on the short-term introduction of new technologies in the energy systems are presented, where the electricity sector is coupled with the other energy sectors. Here, both smart grid and sector integrating solutions form an important part in the next 5-15 years. The scenarios are analysed using the modelling tool EnergyPLAN, enabling a comparison of today’s reference scenarios with 2030 scenarios of higher RE share. By including three islands across Europe, different locations, development stages and interconnection levels are analysed. The analyses suggest that the various smart grid solutions play an important part in the transition, however, local conditions, sector integration and balancing technologies even more so. Overall, the suggestions complement each other and pave the way to reach 100{\%} RE integration for both islands and potentially other similar regions.",
keywords = "Island energy system transition, 100{\%} RE pathways, RE integration, Smart grid technologies, Energy sector integration, Smart energy system, Sams{\o}, Orkney, Madeira",
author = "Marczinkowski, {Hannah Mareike} and {\O}stergaard, {Poul Alberg} and Dj{\o}rup, {S{\o}ren Roth}",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "10",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/en12183484",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Energies",
issn = "1996-1073",
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T1 - Transitioning Island Energy Systems - Local Conditions, Development Phases and Renewable Energy Integration

AU - Marczinkowski, Hannah Mareike

AU - Østergaard, Poul Alberg

AU - Djørup, Søren Roth

PY - 2019/9/10

Y1 - 2019/9/10

N2 - Islands typically have sensitive energy systems depending on natural surroundings, but innovative technologies and the exploitation of renewable energy (RE) sources present opportunities, like self-sufficiency, but also challenges, such as grid instability. Samsø, Orkney and Madeira are in the transition to increase the RE share towards 100% - however this is addressed in different ways depending on the local conditions and current development phases in the transition. Scenarios focusing on the short-term introduction of new technologies in the energy systems are presented, where the electricity sector is coupled with the other energy sectors. Here, both smart grid and sector integrating solutions form an important part in the next 5-15 years. The scenarios are analysed using the modelling tool EnergyPLAN, enabling a comparison of today’s reference scenarios with 2030 scenarios of higher RE share. By including three islands across Europe, different locations, development stages and interconnection levels are analysed. The analyses suggest that the various smart grid solutions play an important part in the transition, however, local conditions, sector integration and balancing technologies even more so. Overall, the suggestions complement each other and pave the way to reach 100% RE integration for both islands and potentially other similar regions.

AB - Islands typically have sensitive energy systems depending on natural surroundings, but innovative technologies and the exploitation of renewable energy (RE) sources present opportunities, like self-sufficiency, but also challenges, such as grid instability. Samsø, Orkney and Madeira are in the transition to increase the RE share towards 100% - however this is addressed in different ways depending on the local conditions and current development phases in the transition. Scenarios focusing on the short-term introduction of new technologies in the energy systems are presented, where the electricity sector is coupled with the other energy sectors. Here, both smart grid and sector integrating solutions form an important part in the next 5-15 years. The scenarios are analysed using the modelling tool EnergyPLAN, enabling a comparison of today’s reference scenarios with 2030 scenarios of higher RE share. By including three islands across Europe, different locations, development stages and interconnection levels are analysed. The analyses suggest that the various smart grid solutions play an important part in the transition, however, local conditions, sector integration and balancing technologies even more so. Overall, the suggestions complement each other and pave the way to reach 100% RE integration for both islands and potentially other similar regions.

KW - Island energy system transition

KW - 100% RE pathways

KW - RE integration

KW - Smart grid technologies

KW - Energy sector integration

KW - Smart energy system

KW - Samsø

KW - Orkney

KW - Madeira

U2 - https://doi.org/10.3390/en12183484

DO - https://doi.org/10.3390/en12183484

M3 - Journal article

VL - 12

JO - Energies

JF - Energies

SN - 1996-1073

IS - 18

ER -