The challenges from globalisation and migration: The intersections of gender equality and cultural diversity

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    Abstract

    Globalization and migration has increased diversities and inequalities within and between nation states and has created new problems for public policies to regulate political and socio- economic problems on the national and global levels. The paper addresses the challenges from globalisation and immigration focusing on intersections between gender and diversity. The double objective is first to revisit notions of citizenship, nationality and belongings in the light of local-global relations and multiculturalism and secondly to discuss the intersections of gender equality and cultural diversity from the Nordic context. The first part of the paper illuminates the theoretical debates about globalization and migration from a perspective of gender, diversity and intersectionality. It is argued that globalization, increased migration represent a theoretical, normative and political challenge to gender equality because it has exacerbated inequality and diversity in and between the national, trans-national and global arenas. Classical concepts in social and political theory, like democracy, citizenship, the welfare state, feminism have been premised on the nation state. The second part looks at intersections of gender and diversity from the Nordic context focusing on immigrant women's struggles for recognition, equal citizenship and voice. Nordic state feminism is characterized by women's participation in politics and inclusion in the political elite and the Nordic welfare states are often perceived as paradigmatic cases of gender equality both in the EU and globally. It is therefore paradoxical that recent research reports and projects conclude that integration of ethnic minorities as equal citizens has failed in all the Nordic countries at the labour, market, in politics and society. The paper explores this Nordic ‘gender equality dilemma' between gender equality and diversity by looking at the framings of debates about Muslim women's headscarves in Denmark and Norway'. The conclusion reflects on theoretical and normative models to overcome the tensions in social justice between universal principles of equality and the particularism of places and spaces, as well as the tensions between gender equality, cultural recognition and political participation.

     

     

    Translated title of the contributionUdfordringerne fra globalisering og migration: Interaktion mellem kønslighed og kulturel mangfoldighed
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationGender at the Interface of the Global and the Local : Perspectives from China and the Nordic countries
    Number of pages23
    Publication date2008
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    EventThe Third Sino-Nordic Women and Gender Studies Conference - Kunming, China
    Duration: 4 Nov 20087 Nov 2008

    Conference

    ConferenceThe Third Sino-Nordic Women and Gender Studies Conference
    Country/TerritoryChina
    CityKunming
    Period04/11/200807/11/2008

    Keywords

    • the local-global dialectic, the multicultural pradigm
    • diversity and intersectionality frames
    • the Nordic gender equality dilemma

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