Urban Bike Scapes in New York

Outline of a new urban typology

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In recent years New York has developed a whole new web of bicycle routes through some of the most urbane and dense city areas in the world. The article explores what this new, urban typology, which is the result of 'mobility-design' consists of. The article suggests how these new cycle environments contribute to opening the city in new ways.

With an analysis of the Manhattan Waterfront Greenway as point of departure the focus is partly on the role of the new cycle environment as a mobility space, which can be experienced via movement and in transit, and partly on the architectonic and spatial qualities of the design as a framework for urban life and cultural interaction.
A number of research questions have formed the basis for the analyses:
What is an 'urban bike scape'? How is the analysis of the architecture, the urban spaces and the aesthetic urban environment unfolded? Which role do the programs and the design related localization of the programs play? Which concepts can be used to capture the particular atmosphere, which prevails in the interaction between users and architecture? And what is the impact of movement and mobility on the aesthetic experience?

The article begins with a presentation of New York City's intentions with the new bike scape on Manhattan. As a continuation of this the results and the theoretical and methodological approach to the analyses are presented, from four perspectives:
⁃Urban bike scapes as a strategy to open the city and connect it in new ways. About the serial experience of the architecture, spaces and cultures of the city.
⁃Urban bike scapes as a ' place of time related bearer of meaning'. That means the historical and cultural meaning of the place, as well as the significance of the new design as generator of changes and urban transformation.
⁃Urban bike scapes as a 'socially constructed place' with emphasis on the social and mental meaning of the place and on the programs, which play a role for functionality and experience.
⁃Urban bike scapes as an 'architectonic place' from a duality of architectonic gestalt, architectonic elements and aesthetic experience.

Finally, the analyses are summarized and the concept 'urban bike scapes 'is presented as a new urban typology and defined more precisely, as a concept.


Original languageEnglish
JournalNordic Journal of Architectural Research
Volume29
Issue number01
Pages (from-to)111-134
ISSN1893-5281
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Cite this

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title = "Urban Bike Scapes in New York: Outline of a new urban typology",
abstract = "In recent years New York has developed a whole new web of bicycle routes through some of the most urbane and dense city areas in the world. The article explores what this new, urban typology, which is the result of 'mobility-design' consists of. The article suggests how these new cycle environments contribute to opening the city in new ways.With an analysis of the Manhattan Waterfront Greenway as point of departure the focus is partly on the role of the new cycle environment as a mobility space, which can be experienced via movement and in transit, and partly on the architectonic and spatial qualities of the design as a framework for urban life and cultural interaction.A number of research questions have formed the basis for the analyses:What is an 'urban bike scape'? How is the analysis of the architecture, the urban spaces and the aesthetic urban environment unfolded? Which role do the programs and the design related localization of the programs play? Which concepts can be used to capture the particular atmosphere, which prevails in the interaction between users and architecture? And what is the impact of movement and mobility on the aesthetic experience?The article begins with a presentation of New York City's intentions with the new bike scape on Manhattan. As a continuation of this the results and the theoretical and methodological approach to the analyses are presented, from four perspectives:⁃Urban bike scapes as a strategy to open the city and connect it in new ways. About the serial experience of the architecture, spaces and cultures of the city.⁃Urban bike scapes as a ' place of time related bearer of meaning'. That means the historical and cultural meaning of the place, as well as the significance of the new design as generator of changes and urban transformation.⁃Urban bike scapes as a 'socially constructed place' with emphasis on the social and mental meaning of the place and on the programs, which play a role for functionality and experience.⁃Urban bike scapes as an 'architectonic place' from a duality of architectonic gestalt, architectonic elements and aesthetic experience.Finally, the analyses are summarized and the concept 'urban bike scapes 'is presented as a new urban typology and defined more precisely, as a concept.",
keywords = "Urban design, urban bike scapes, New York, City Planning, Manhattan Waterfront Greenway, Urban Architecture, Urban transformation, Urban space, urban life, Urban bike lanes, Mobility design, Living boarders, Open Minded Urban Space, Public domain",
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Urban Bike Scapes in New York : Outline of a new urban typology. / Marling, Gitte; Marie Bruun Jespersen, Line.

In: Nordic Journal of Architectural Research , Vol. 29, No. 01, 2017, p. 111-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Urban Bike Scapes in New York

T2 - Outline of a new urban typology

AU - Marling, Gitte

AU - Marie Bruun Jespersen, Line

PY - 2017

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N2 - In recent years New York has developed a whole new web of bicycle routes through some of the most urbane and dense city areas in the world. The article explores what this new, urban typology, which is the result of 'mobility-design' consists of. The article suggests how these new cycle environments contribute to opening the city in new ways.With an analysis of the Manhattan Waterfront Greenway as point of departure the focus is partly on the role of the new cycle environment as a mobility space, which can be experienced via movement and in transit, and partly on the architectonic and spatial qualities of the design as a framework for urban life and cultural interaction.A number of research questions have formed the basis for the analyses:What is an 'urban bike scape'? How is the analysis of the architecture, the urban spaces and the aesthetic urban environment unfolded? Which role do the programs and the design related localization of the programs play? Which concepts can be used to capture the particular atmosphere, which prevails in the interaction between users and architecture? And what is the impact of movement and mobility on the aesthetic experience?The article begins with a presentation of New York City's intentions with the new bike scape on Manhattan. As a continuation of this the results and the theoretical and methodological approach to the analyses are presented, from four perspectives:⁃Urban bike scapes as a strategy to open the city and connect it in new ways. About the serial experience of the architecture, spaces and cultures of the city.⁃Urban bike scapes as a ' place of time related bearer of meaning'. That means the historical and cultural meaning of the place, as well as the significance of the new design as generator of changes and urban transformation.⁃Urban bike scapes as a 'socially constructed place' with emphasis on the social and mental meaning of the place and on the programs, which play a role for functionality and experience.⁃Urban bike scapes as an 'architectonic place' from a duality of architectonic gestalt, architectonic elements and aesthetic experience.Finally, the analyses are summarized and the concept 'urban bike scapes 'is presented as a new urban typology and defined more precisely, as a concept.

AB - In recent years New York has developed a whole new web of bicycle routes through some of the most urbane and dense city areas in the world. The article explores what this new, urban typology, which is the result of 'mobility-design' consists of. The article suggests how these new cycle environments contribute to opening the city in new ways.With an analysis of the Manhattan Waterfront Greenway as point of departure the focus is partly on the role of the new cycle environment as a mobility space, which can be experienced via movement and in transit, and partly on the architectonic and spatial qualities of the design as a framework for urban life and cultural interaction.A number of research questions have formed the basis for the analyses:What is an 'urban bike scape'? How is the analysis of the architecture, the urban spaces and the aesthetic urban environment unfolded? Which role do the programs and the design related localization of the programs play? Which concepts can be used to capture the particular atmosphere, which prevails in the interaction between users and architecture? And what is the impact of movement and mobility on the aesthetic experience?The article begins with a presentation of New York City's intentions with the new bike scape on Manhattan. As a continuation of this the results and the theoretical and methodological approach to the analyses are presented, from four perspectives:⁃Urban bike scapes as a strategy to open the city and connect it in new ways. About the serial experience of the architecture, spaces and cultures of the city.⁃Urban bike scapes as a ' place of time related bearer of meaning'. That means the historical and cultural meaning of the place, as well as the significance of the new design as generator of changes and urban transformation.⁃Urban bike scapes as a 'socially constructed place' with emphasis on the social and mental meaning of the place and on the programs, which play a role for functionality and experience.⁃Urban bike scapes as an 'architectonic place' from a duality of architectonic gestalt, architectonic elements and aesthetic experience.Finally, the analyses are summarized and the concept 'urban bike scapes 'is presented as a new urban typology and defined more precisely, as a concept.

KW - Urban design

KW - urban bike scapes

KW - New York

KW - City Planning

KW - Manhattan Waterfront Greenway

KW - Urban Architecture

KW - Urban transformation

KW - Urban space

KW - urban life

KW - Urban bike lanes

KW - Mobility design

KW - Living boarders

KW - Open Minded Urban Space

KW - Public domain

M3 - Journal article

VL - 29

SP - 111

EP - 134

JO - Nordic Journal of Architectural Research

JF - Nordic Journal of Architectural Research

SN - 1893-5281

IS - 01

ER -