Using a target as external focus of attention results in a better jump-landing technique in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction - A cross-over study

Maria Bæktoft van Weert, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Peter Eppinga, Carsten Møller Mølgaard, Wouter Welling*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background
Improving jump-landing technique during rehabilitation is important and may be achieved through different feedback techniques, i.e., internal focus of attention (IF) or external focus of attention using a target (EF). However, there is a lack of evidence on the most effective feedback technique after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential difference in jump-landing techniques between IF and EF instructions in patients after ACLR.

Methods
Thirty patients (12 females, mean age 23.26 ± 4.91 years) participated after ACLR. Patients were randomly assigned into two groups that each followed a different testing sequence. Patients performed a drop vertical jump-landing test after receiving instructions with varying types of focus of attention. The Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) assessed the jump-landing technique.

Results
EF was associated with a significantly better LESS score (P < 0.001) compared with IF. Only EF instructions led to improvements in jump-landing technique.

Conclusion
Using a target as EF resulted in a significantly better jump-landing technique than IF in patients after ACLR. This indicates that increased use of EF could or might result in a better treatment outcome during ACLR rehabilitation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Knee
Volume42
Pages (from-to)390-399
Number of pages10
ISSN0968-0160
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Attentional focus
  • Jump-landing technique
  • Rehabilitation

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