Intermittent energy resources challenge the ways in which the existing energy system operates. Studies suggest that residential buildings can provide a flexibility service for district heating (DH) systems. This technique involves load shifting by heating buildings to higher temperatures at times when energy is more readily available, thus diminishing heating needs at times of peak demand or when energy is scarce. Based on three Future Workshops (FWs) where DH professionals and other relevant DH stakeholders participated and discussed this topic, this paper reports on the extent to which these actors see energy flexibility as a realistic future development, and on what they see as key potentials and challenges in that regard. Preliminary results indicate that the mix of the actors and the specific local context greatly influence how this topic is understood, emphasizing the importance of including local context in investigations of energy flexibility. FW participants included representatives from DH companies, municipalities, building associations, technology developers, etc. The FWs were conducted at three different localities of Denmark: Copenhagen, Aalborg and Sonderborg, i.e. The national capital, a regional capital and a smaller city, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication1st Nordic conference on Zero Emission and Plus Energy Buildings
Number of pages9
PublisherIOP Publishing
Publication date2 Sep 2019
Article number012032
Publication statusPublished - 2 Sep 2019
EventZero Emission and Plus Energy Buildings: Towards carbon neutral built environments - Trondheim, Norway
Duration: 6 Nov 20197 Nov 2019
Conference number: 1st


ConferenceZero Emission and Plus Energy Buildings
Internet address
SeriesIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science


  • Building energy flexibility
  • Energy Flexibility

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