Utilising Tree-Based Ensemble Learning for Speaker Segmentation

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Abstract

In audio and speech processing, accurate detection of the changing points between multiple speakers in speech segments is an important stage for several applications such as speaker identification and tracking. Bayesian Information Criteria (BIC)-based approaches are the most traditionally used ones as they proved to be very effective for such task. The main criticism levelled against BIC-based approaches is the use of a penalty parameter in the BIC function. The use of this parameters consequently means that a fine tuning is required for each variation of the acoustic conditions. When tuned for a certain condition, the model becomes biased to the data used for training limiting the model’s generalisation ability.
In this paper, we propose a BIC-based tuning-free approach for speaker segmentation through the use of ensemble-based learning. A forest of segmentation trees is constructed in which each tree is trained using a sampled version of the speech segment. During the tree construction process, a set of randomly selected points in the input sequence is examined as potential segmentation points. The point that yields the highest ΔBIC is chosen and the same process is repeated for the resultant left and right segments. The tree is constructed where each node corresponds to the highest ΔBIC with the associated point index. After building the forest and using all trees, the accumulated ΔBIC for each point is calculated and the positions of the local maximums are considered as speaker changing points. The proposed approach is tested on artificially created conversations from the TIMIT database. The approach proposed show very accurate results comparable to those achieved by the-state-of-the-art methods with a 9% (absolute) higher F 1 compared with the standard ΔBIC with optimally tuned penalty parameter.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationArtificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: 10th IFIP WG 12.5 International Conference, AIAI 2014, Rhodes, Greece, September 19-21, 2014. Proceedings
Volume436
PublisherSpringer
Publication date2014
Pages50-59
ISBN (Print)978-3-662-44653-9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-662-44654-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event10th Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications & Innovations 2014 - Rodos, Greece
Duration: 19 Sep 201421 Sep 2014

Conference

Conference10th Conference on Artificial Intelligence Applications & Innovations 2014
CountryGreece
CityRodos
Period19/09/201421/09/2014
SeriesIFIP AICT - Advances in Information and Communication technology
ISSN1868-4238

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