Vapor Delivery Systems for the Study of the Effects of Reformate Gas Impurities in HT-PEM Fuel Cells

Samuel Simon Araya, Søren Knudsen Kær, Søren Juhl Andreasen

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The reforming of methanol can be an alternative source of hydrogen for fuel cells because it has many practical advantages over hydrogen, mainly due to the technological limitations related to the storage, supply, and distribution of the latter. However, despite the ease of methanol handling, impurities in the reformate gas produced from methanol steam reforming can affect the performance and durability of fuel cells. In this paper different vapor delivery systems, intended to assist in the study of the effects of some of the impurities, are described and compared with each other. A system based on a pump and electrically heated evaporator was found to be more suitable for the typical flow rates involved in the anode feed of an H3PO4/PBI based HT-PEMFC unit cell assembly. Test stations composed of vapor delivery systems and mass flow controllers for testing the effects of methanol slip, water vapor, CO, and CO2 are also illustrated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference : ESFuelCell2011
Number of pages6
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publication dateAug 2011
Article numberESFuelCell2011-54181
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011
EventASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability & 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, ESFuelCell2011 - Washington, United States
Duration: 7 Aug 201110 Aug 2011

Conference

ConferenceASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability & 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, ESFuelCell2011
CountryUnited States
CityWashington
Period07/08/201110/08/2011
SeriesJournal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology
Number1
Volume9
ISSN1550-624X

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Methanol
Vapors
Impurities
Gases
Hydrogen
Steam reforming
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Evaporators
Reforming reactions
Water vapor
Anodes
Durability
Flow rate
Pumps
Controllers
Testing

Cite this

Araya, S. S., Kær, S. K., & Andreasen, S. J. (2011). Vapor Delivery Systems for the Study of the Effects of Reformate Gas Impurities in HT-PEM Fuel Cells. In Proceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference: ESFuelCell2011 [ESFuelCell2011-54181] American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, No. 1, Vol.. 9 https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005123
Araya, Samuel Simon ; Kær, Søren Knudsen ; Andreasen, Søren Juhl. / Vapor Delivery Systems for the Study of the Effects of Reformate Gas Impurities in HT-PEM Fuel Cells. Proceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference: ESFuelCell2011. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2011. (Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology; No. 1, Vol. 9).
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Araya, SS, Kær, SK & Andreasen, SJ 2011, Vapor Delivery Systems for the Study of the Effects of Reformate Gas Impurities in HT-PEM Fuel Cells. in Proceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference: ESFuelCell2011., ESFuelCell2011-54181, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology, no. 1, vol. 9, ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability & 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, ESFuelCell2011, Washington, United States, 07/08/2011. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005123

Vapor Delivery Systems for the Study of the Effects of Reformate Gas Impurities in HT-PEM Fuel Cells. / Araya, Samuel Simon; Kær, Søren Knudsen; Andreasen, Søren Juhl.

Proceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference: ESFuelCell2011. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2011. ESFuelCell2011-54181 (Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology; No. 1, Vol. 9).

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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AB - The reforming of methanol can be an alternative source of hydrogen for fuel cells because it has many practical advantages over hydrogen, mainly due to the technological limitations related to the storage, supply, and distribution of the latter. However, despite the ease of methanol handling, impurities in the reformate gas produced from methanol steam reforming can affect the performance and durability of fuel cells. In this paper different vapor delivery systems, intended to assist in the study of the effects of some of the impurities, are described and compared with each other. A system based on a pump and electrically heated evaporator was found to be more suitable for the typical flow rates involved in the anode feed of an H3PO4/PBI based HT-PEMFC unit cell assembly. Test stations composed of vapor delivery systems and mass flow controllers for testing the effects of methanol slip, water vapor, CO, and CO2 are also illustrated.

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BT - Proceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference

PB - American Society of Mechanical Engineers

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Araya SS, Kær SK, Andreasen SJ. Vapor Delivery Systems for the Study of the Effects of Reformate Gas Impurities in HT-PEM Fuel Cells. In Proceedings of ASME 2011 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability and 9th Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference: ESFuelCell2011. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2011. ESFuelCell2011-54181. (Journal of Fuel Cell Science and Technology; No. 1, Vol. 9). https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005123