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We propose a vector current control derived from direct power control (VCC-DPC) for a three-phase voltage source inverter (VSI) in the synchronous rotating frame through instantaneous real and reactive powers. The proposed VCC-DPC method has the same control structure as the conventional VCC except for the coordinate transformation, since we obtain the d-q axes currents model of VSI without using Park transformation and the phase-locked loop (PLL) system. Consequently, the proposed method has the same property as the conventional VCC if the PLL extracts the phase angle of the grid voltage correctly. However, with the consideration of the slow dynamics of the PLL, the proposed method has an enhanced dynamical performance feature compared with the conventional VCC. Moreover, it has another benefit that the reduction of the computational burden could be expected since there is no Park transformation and the PLL in the controller implementation. We can guarantee that the closed-loop system with the proposed method is exponentially stable in the operating range. Finally, both simulation and experimental results using a 15-kW-inverter system match the theoretical expectations closely.
- Exponentially stable
- instantaneous real and reactive powers
- vector current controller
- voltage source inverter (VSI)