What about children? Implications from their subjective perception and the risk of overheating in schools

Marije te Kulve, Runa T. Hellwig, Froukje van Dijken, Atze Boerstra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

86 Downloads (Pure)


During field surveys carried out by the authors, it was noticed that thermal perception voting of children is not in line with the expected thermal perceptions according to comfort models. Literature indicates that temperature may well be perceived differently by children, as compared to adults. At moderate temperatures, surveyed children seem to experience warmer thermal sensations than expected from the PMV-model. However, at elevated temperatures, children appeared to perceive environments as less warm than predicted by the model. Operative Temperature requirements for buildings (as mentioned in standards like EN 16798-1 and EN-ISO 7730) that are used primarily by children, most importantly schools, may therefore not provide adequate comfort for them. Does this mean that lowered temperature limits for environments where children are the main users should be used? Does this imply that mechanical cooling systems or intelligent passive cooling solutions should become ‘obligatory’ in school buildings where they can be afforded? Given the consequences of active school building cooling on energy use, it is therefore important to have a good understanding of this apparent discrepancy between how thermal comfort is perceived by adults and children. It is proposed in the paper that the thermal perception of children, and the consequences on the temperature requirements for schools is a subject that needs greater research, understanding and discussion.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 11th Windsor Conference
EditorsSue Roaf, Fergus Nicol, William Finlayson
Number of pages8
PublisherEcohouse Initiative Ltd.
Publication date6 May 2020
Article number184
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-9161876-3-4
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2020
EventWindsor Conference 2020 : Resilient Comfort - Cumberland Lodge, Windsor, United Kingdom
Duration: 16 Apr 202019 Apr 2020


ConferenceWindsor Conference 2020
LocationCumberland Lodge
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • children
  • Perception
  • Physiology
  • Overheating
  • Thermal Comfort
  • Adaptation
  • acclimatisation


Dive into the research topics of 'What about children? Implications from their subjective perception and the risk of overheating in schools'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this