Where Is Municipal Marketisation Heading? Experiences from England and Scandinavia

Andrej Christian Lindholst*, Ylva Norén Bretzer, Nicola Dempsey, Merethe Dotterud Leiren, Morten Balle Hansen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review


Negative experiences, newer reform trends and local circumstances have challenged the reform doctrines of the New Public Management (NPM) and raised the question of whether reforms have entered a post-NPM era. We explore this question in a comparison of experiences with marketisation—a key doctrine in the NPM—within local park and road services in England, Sweden, Denmark and Norway. The comparison draws upon survey data collected from mid-level managers in 2014–16. We conclude that although marketisation is widespread it is not dominant. Also, the practices of marketisation are partly transformed by newer reform trends. In perspective, we find that marketisation is an evolving practice, which trajectories depend on local contextual circumstances and adaption of newer reform ideas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Future of Local Self-Government : European Trends in Autonomy, Innovations and Central-Local Relations
EditorsThomas Bergström, Jochen Franzke, Sabine Kuhlmann, Ellen Wayenberg
Number of pages14
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Publication date2021
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-56058-4
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-56059-1
Publication statusPublished - 2021
SeriesPalgrave Studies in Sub-National Governance
VolumePart F1143

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).


  • England
  • Marketisation
  • Municipalities
  • New Public Management
  • Post-NPM
  • Scandinavia


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