Zero Energy Building: A Review of Definitions and Calculation Methodologies

Anna Joanna Marszal, Per Heiselberg, J.S. Bourrelle, E. Musall, K. Voss, I. Sartori, A. Napolitano

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

532 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of Zero Energy Building (ZEB) has gained wide international attention during last few years and is now seen as the future target for the design of buildings. However, before being fully implemented in the national building codes and international standards, the ZEB concept requires clear and consistent definition and a commonly agreed energy calculation methodology. The most important issues that should be given special attention before developing a new ZEB definition are: (1) the metric of the balance, (2) the balancing period, (3) the type of energy use included in the balance, (4) the type of energy balance, (5) the accepted renewable energy supply options, (6) the connection to the energy infrastructure and (7) the requirements for the energy efficiency, the indoor climate and in case of gird connected ZEB for the building–grid interaction. This paper focuses on the review of the most of the existing ZEB definitions and the various approaches towards possible ZEB calculation methodologies. It presents and discusses possible answers to the abovementioned issues in order to facilitate the development of a consistent ZEB definition and a robust energy calculation methodology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume43
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)971-979
Number of pages9
ISSN0378-7788
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Energy balance
Energy efficiency

Keywords

  • Zero Energy Building
  • Zero Emission Building
  • Net Zero Energy Building
  • ZEB Definition
  • Energy Calculation Methodologies

Cite this

Marszal, Anna Joanna ; Heiselberg, Per ; Bourrelle, J.S. ; Musall, E. ; Voss, K. ; Sartori, I. ; Napolitano, A. / Zero Energy Building : A Review of Definitions and Calculation Methodologies. In: Energy and Buildings. 2011 ; Vol. 43, No. 4. pp. 971-979.
@article{a2b3d5ab80d04d58bb18bcd31f666436,
title = "Zero Energy Building: A Review of Definitions and Calculation Methodologies",
abstract = "The concept of Zero Energy Building (ZEB) has gained wide international attention during last few years and is now seen as the future target for the design of buildings. However, before being fully implemented in the national building codes and international standards, the ZEB concept requires clear and consistent definition and a commonly agreed energy calculation methodology. The most important issues that should be given special attention before developing a new ZEB definition are: (1) the metric of the balance, (2) the balancing period, (3) the type of energy use included in the balance, (4) the type of energy balance, (5) the accepted renewable energy supply options, (6) the connection to the energy infrastructure and (7) the requirements for the energy efficiency, the indoor climate and in case of gird connected ZEB for the building–grid interaction. This paper focuses on the review of the most of the existing ZEB definitions and the various approaches towards possible ZEB calculation methodologies. It presents and discusses possible answers to the abovementioned issues in order to facilitate the development of a consistent ZEB definition and a robust energy calculation methodology.",
keywords = "Zero Energy Building, Zero Emission Building, Net Zero Energy Building, ZEB Definition, Energy Calculation Methodologies, Zero Energy Building, Zero Emission Building, Net Zero Energy Building, ZEB Definition, Energy Calculation Methodologies",
author = "Marszal, {Anna Joanna} and Per Heiselberg and J.S. Bourrelle and E. Musall and K. Voss and I. Sartori and A. Napolitano",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.12.022",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "971--979",
journal = "Energy and Buildings",
issn = "0378-7788",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

Zero Energy Building : A Review of Definitions and Calculation Methodologies. / Marszal, Anna Joanna; Heiselberg, Per; Bourrelle, J.S.; Musall, E.; Voss, K.; Sartori, I.; Napolitano, A.

In: Energy and Buildings, Vol. 43, No. 4, 2011, p. 971-979.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Zero Energy Building

T2 - A Review of Definitions and Calculation Methodologies

AU - Marszal, Anna Joanna

AU - Heiselberg, Per

AU - Bourrelle, J.S.

AU - Musall, E.

AU - Voss, K.

AU - Sartori, I.

AU - Napolitano, A.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The concept of Zero Energy Building (ZEB) has gained wide international attention during last few years and is now seen as the future target for the design of buildings. However, before being fully implemented in the national building codes and international standards, the ZEB concept requires clear and consistent definition and a commonly agreed energy calculation methodology. The most important issues that should be given special attention before developing a new ZEB definition are: (1) the metric of the balance, (2) the balancing period, (3) the type of energy use included in the balance, (4) the type of energy balance, (5) the accepted renewable energy supply options, (6) the connection to the energy infrastructure and (7) the requirements for the energy efficiency, the indoor climate and in case of gird connected ZEB for the building–grid interaction. This paper focuses on the review of the most of the existing ZEB definitions and the various approaches towards possible ZEB calculation methodologies. It presents and discusses possible answers to the abovementioned issues in order to facilitate the development of a consistent ZEB definition and a robust energy calculation methodology.

AB - The concept of Zero Energy Building (ZEB) has gained wide international attention during last few years and is now seen as the future target for the design of buildings. However, before being fully implemented in the national building codes and international standards, the ZEB concept requires clear and consistent definition and a commonly agreed energy calculation methodology. The most important issues that should be given special attention before developing a new ZEB definition are: (1) the metric of the balance, (2) the balancing period, (3) the type of energy use included in the balance, (4) the type of energy balance, (5) the accepted renewable energy supply options, (6) the connection to the energy infrastructure and (7) the requirements for the energy efficiency, the indoor climate and in case of gird connected ZEB for the building–grid interaction. This paper focuses on the review of the most of the existing ZEB definitions and the various approaches towards possible ZEB calculation methodologies. It presents and discusses possible answers to the abovementioned issues in order to facilitate the development of a consistent ZEB definition and a robust energy calculation methodology.

KW - Zero Energy Building

KW - Zero Emission Building

KW - Net Zero Energy Building

KW - ZEB Definition

KW - Energy Calculation Methodologies

KW - Zero Energy Building

KW - Zero Emission Building

KW - Net Zero Energy Building

KW - ZEB Definition

KW - Energy Calculation Methodologies

U2 - 10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.12.022

DO - 10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.12.022

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 971

EP - 979

JO - Energy and Buildings

JF - Energy and Buildings

SN - 0378-7788

IS - 4

ER -