Green and Flexible District Heating/Cooling

Project Details


This project will lay the foundation for a future bottom-up energy system based on renewables, communities (from building-level up to cities and beyond), and flexibility providing better user motivation/engagement, stability, and transition to sustainability in Turkey to meet the climate commitments and improve economic competitiveness by employing the Danish experience on efficient heating technologies. The project will also develop a technical framework for optimal planning and operation of thermal energy devices and processes in small to large-scale energy communities supporting distributed heating/cooling generation, storage, conversion, and flexibility with respect to the technical constraints, regulations and policies. Within this project, heat-electricity nexus (such as converting excess electric power to heat), particularly when the electric balancing requirements become more stringent in the presence of variable renewables, will be studied.

Key findings

The long-term vision of the project is to enable a bottom-up approach for district heating/cooling based on green and renewable energy sources, energy communities, and energy flexibility. The main objectives of this project are:
- To develop a technical framework for integration and operation management of thermal energy sources, devices and controllable loads in small- to large-scale energy communities.
- To develop viable and validated business models for energy communities that ensure value capture and sustainability for all stakeholders in the resulting network-based business models.
- To develop data and computing techniques for flexible energy in energy communities, supporting and optimizing energy storage and conversion, and social and financial aspects.
- To develop integrated guidelines and design recommendations that work in real energy communities and to combine practice theory with empirical studies.
- To validate both integrated solutions and individual contributions through lab experiments and real-world cases.
Effective start/end date01/05/201931/10/2021


  • Danida Fellowship Centre: DKK4,880,981.00


  • Energy management
  • Exergy
  • District Heating
  • business models
  • Energy hub
  • Energy and ressource efficiency
  • Energy system analysis
  • Energy storage
  • Planning
  • operations modeling


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