A Knotworking Guideline for Building Projects: Bridging the Gap between Participants

Mai Rasmussen, Anne Nørkjær Gade, Rasmus Lund Jensen

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The high level of complexity in today’s building design requires a high level of multidisciplinary collaboration, which historically is uncommon in the Architecture, Construction and Engineering (AEC) sector. While the AEC sector accepts the requirement of collaboration, lack of knowledge on how to collaborate occurs. The Finnish method, Knotworking AEC, emphasizes both collaboration and structure of building projects, which accommodates the lack of collaboration in the practices of the AEC sector. However, the recent development of Knotworking AEC implies a lack of written articles on Knotworking AEC, why three experiments were conducted to gain knowledge about how Knotworking is utilized in practice. Through a practice theoretic al perspective, data was collected from existing literature and participant observation of two experiments. Subsequently, the practices and contradictions of the three experiments were analysed by practice theoretical methods. The result of this research is a Knotworking Guideline for Building Projects indicating both the phases, the participants and the tasks of each phase. The contribution of the resultlies in the conduction of a Knotworking session from both a practical and research perspective to, respectively, enrich the AEC sector and the concept of Knotworking AEC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering Research and Applications
Issue number6 (Part -4)
Pages (from-to)24-40
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • AEC sector
  • Building management
  • Co - configuration
  • Collaboration
  • Design process


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