A Review of Grid Code Requirements for the Integration of Renewable Energy Sources in Ethiopia

Baseem Khan*, Josep M. Guerrero, Sanjay Chaudhary, Juan C. Vasquez, Kenn H.B. Frederiksen, Ying Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Rapid integration of renewable energy into the electric grid has ramifications for grid management and planning. Therefore, system operators have formulated grid code requirements to ensure that the grid continues to operate in a secure, safe, and cost-effective manner. The current state of grid code in Ethiopia, as well as the need for it, is discussed in this article. It lays out the technological grid integration requirements, with a focus on small and microgrids, which are especially important for the integration of renewable. The barriers to grid code normalization and renewable energy grid compatibility testing are identified, and suggestions for continued grid code development in Ethiopia based on Danish observations are provided. Further, a detailed comparative analysis of the Ethiopian grid code with the IEEE 1547-2003 and IEEE 1547-2018 standards is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5197
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Danida Fellowship Centre (Project No. 20-M04AAU).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.


  • grid code
  • microgrid
  • minigrid
  • renewable energy integration


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