Air Distribution in Rooms with a Fan-Driven Convector

Tine Steen Larsen, Rob H.W. Bindels, Lukasz Michalak, Michal Milewski, Peter V. Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Experiments with a fan-driven convector used for both heating and cooling are de.scribed in this paper. Only the cooling situation is considered. The convector is positioned in the upper corner ofthe room, and from there the cold air is let out through the device along the ceiling. The airflow coming from the dijfuser is partly controlled by the momentum flow and partly from gravity forces, where the thermal load in the room and the temperature difference between room air and supply air affect the airflow from the convector.

The convector system was tested in the same test room in which many regular ventilation systems were tested earlier to be ahle to compare airflow from the convector .system with regular ventilation ,systems at a later stage of this research. The heat load in the room consists of a thermal manikin sitting at a desk, a computer, and a desk lamp producing a total heat load of 210 W.

From the measurements, limitations for the fan-driven convector are set up in a design graph based onflow elements from the convector, amaximumvelocity assumption, and a critical vertical temperature gradient in the room. The limits for the curves in the design graph are found by analyzing the acceptable conditions for the supplyJlow rate and the temperature difference for the convector system.

The paper shows that the air distribution from the convector results in comfortable velocity and temperature conditions with a heat load of 210 W. This is also confirmed by the draft ratings, which in all the experiments are below 14%. The limit ofthe cooling capacity ofthe convector is reached if the heat load in the room is increased to approximately 350 JV. and from the design graph it is found that in this case it will be difficult to obtain a comfortable situation in the room without draft.

Original languageEnglish
JournalASHRAE Transactions
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)342-348
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Bibliographical note

Peter V. Nielsen, PhD, ASHRAE Fellow

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