CFD Simulations of Contaminant Transport between two Breathing Persons

Erik Bjørn, Peter V. Nielsen

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Abstract

Experiments have shown that exhalation from one person is able to penetrate the breathing zone of another person at a distance. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is used to investigate the dependency of the personal exposure on some physical parameters, namely: Pulmonary ventilation rate, convective heat output, exhalation temperature, and crosssectional exhalation area. Full-scale experimental results are used to calibrate/validate the CFD model.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAalborg
PublisherDept. of Building Technology and Structural Engineering, Aalborg University
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1998
SeriesIndoor Environmental Engineering
Number96
VolumeR9809
ISSN1395-7953

Bibliographical note

Proceedings of ROOMVENT '98, Sixth International Conference on Air Distribution in Rooms, Stockholm, Sweden, 1998, Vol. 2, pp. 133-140

PDF for print: 15 pp.

Keywords

  • Ventilation
  • CFD Simulation
  • Contaminant Transport
  • Breathing Person
  • Breathing Zone
  • Respiration
  • Convection Flows
  • Contamination Source

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