Enhancing the Frequency Adaptability of Periodic Current Controllers with a Fixed Sampling Rate for Grid-Connected Power Converters

Yongheng Yang, Keliang Zhou, Frede Blaabjerg

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)
398 Downloads (Pure)


Grid-connected power converters should employ advanced current controllers, e.g., Proportional Resonant (PR) and Repetitive Controllers (RC), in order to produce high-quality feed-in currents that are required to be synchronized with the grid. The synchronization is actually to detect the instantaneous grid information (e.g., frequency and phase of the grid voltage) for the current control, which is commonly performed by a Phase-Locked-Loop (PLL) system. Hence, harmonics and deviations in the estimated frequency by the PLL could lead to current tracking performance degradation, especially for the periodic signal controllers (e.g., PR and RC) with a fixed sampling rate. In this paper, the impacts of frequency deviations induced by the PLL and/or the grid disturbances on the selected current controllers are investigated by analyzing the frequency adaptability of these current controllers. Subsequently, strategies to enhance the frequency adaptability of the current controllers are proposed for the power converters to produce high quality feed-in currents even in the presence of grid frequency deviations. Specifically, by feeding back the PLL estimated frequency to update the center frequencies of the resonant controllers and by approximating the fractional delay using a Lagrange interpolating polynomial for the RC, respectively, the frequency-variation-immunity of these periodic current controllers with a fixed sampling rate is improved. Experiments on a single-phase grid-connected system are presented, which have verified the discussions and the effectiveness of the frequency adaptive current controllers.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)7273 - 7285
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016


  • Frequency adaptive
  • Frequency variations
  • Resonant controller (RES)
  • Repetitive controller (RC)
  • Fractional order filter
  • Lagrange interpolating polynomial
  • Grid-connected power converters


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