Purpose: Diabetic neuropathy can lead to decreased peripheral sensation and motor neuron dysfunction associated with impaired postural control and risk of falling. However, the relationship between decreased peripheral sensation and impaired vestibular function in diabetes mellitus is poorly investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between peripheral and autonomic measurements of diabetic neuropathy and measurements of vestibular function.

Methods: A total of 114 participants with type 1 diabetes (n = 52), type 2 diabetes (n = 51) and controls (n = 11) were included. Vestibular function was evaluated by video head impulse testing. Peripheral neuropathy was assessed by quantitative sensory testing and nerve conduction. Autonomic neuropathy using the COMPASS 31 questionnaire. Data were analyzed according to data type and distribution.

Results: Measurements of vestibular function did not differ between participants with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes or controls (all p-values above 0.05). Subgrouping of participants according to the involvement of large-, small- or autonomic nerves did not change this outcome. Correlation analyses showed a significant difference between COMPASS 31 and right lateral gain value (ρ = 0.23, p = 0.02,), while no other significant correlations were found.

Conclusion: Diabetic neuropathy does not appear to impair vestibular function in diabetes, by means of the VOR.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)663-672
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

© 2023. The Author(s).


  • Diabetes
  • Neuropathy
  • VOR
  • Vestibular


Dive into the research topics of 'The co-existence of peripheral and vestibular neuropathy in diabetes: a cross-sectional study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this