Validity of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Diagnoses in the Danish National Patient Registry: A Population-Based Study from the North Denmark Region

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Abstract

Purpose: The Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) is recognized for providing high-quality data. However, only a few minor studies have validated inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) diagnoses in the DNPR, reporting various degrees of validity. To pave the way for large-scale studies of IBD in Denmark, we aimed to investigate the validity of IBD among >8000 patients registered in the DNPR between 2002 and 2020 in the North Denmark Region.

Patients and Methods: To evaluate the reliability of the diagnoses in the DNPR, we initially compared all patients registered with one IBD diagnosis during 2002-2020 to a list of already verified patients in the regional IBD database GASTROBIO. Medical records on all DNPR registered patients not on the list were manually reviewed by a gastroenterologist to verify or dismiss the IBD diagnosis. Positive predictive values (PPV) were calculated.

Results: Of 8040 patients with at least one IBD diagnosis in DNPR, 5263 were already confirmed cases, leaving 2777 for medical record evaluation, of whom 849 had IBD. In total, 6112 were correctly registered with IBD based on one diagnosis, and 1343 were incorrectly registered, resulting in a PPV of 0.82 (95% CI, 0.81-0.83). For patients registered with at least two diagnoses, the PPV was 0.95 (95% CI, 0.95-0.96), and with at least three diagnoses, the PPV was 0.98 (95% CI, 0.98-0.99). Results were similar for UC and CD separately. Of note, the completeness of valid cases went from 6112 to 4606 (75%; 95% CI, 74%-76%) when demanding at least two registered diagnoses and to 3320 (54%; 95% CI, 53%-56%) when demanding at least three registered diagnoses.

Conclusion: Reassuringly, the validity of IBD diagnoses in DNPR is high, especially for patients registered more than once. However, the reduced completeness when applying a true case definition of at least two registered diagnoses should be considered.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Epidemiology
Volume14
Pages (from-to)1099-1109
Number of pages11
ISSN1179-1349
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

© 2022 Albaek Jacobsen et al.

Keywords

  • Danish National Patient Registry
  • completeness
  • diagnosis codes
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • positive predictive value
  • validation

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