An Empirical Study of Urban Macro Propagation at 10, 18 and 28 GHz

Huan Cong Nguyen, Ignacio Rodriguez, Troels Bundgaard Sørensen, Maria Laura Luque Sanchez, Istvan Kovacs, Preben Elgaard Mogensen

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

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Resumé

This paper investigates the propagation characteristics of the urban macro cells at centimeter-wave (cmWave) frequencies, in particular at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. The measurement are performed at several Tx locations and heights, in both LOS and NLOS conditions, and with distance up to 1,400 m. The distance-dependent mean path loss and shadow fading's standard deviation (std) are extracted for all cases based on a single-slope path loss model, and offered here for quick determination of link budget and system capacity. The results show the potential usage of the cmWave band for mobile cellular services in the years to come: The NLOS path loss slopes at 10 and 18 GHz are not much different from the 2 GHz reference, and the corresponding offsets are in order of 20-23 dB for 25 m Tx height. This gap is expected to be overcome by the usage of high-gain miniaturized steerable antenna, which is feasible due to the reduced antenna aperture size at the cmWave band. Like the 2 GHz band, the shadow fading's std) is within 6~dB for NLOS. The effect of Tx height is clearly shown in NLOS scenario. At 10 GHz, for example, 7.5 dB gain could be achieved by raising the Tx antenna from 15 m (below average roof-top) to 25 m (above roof-top), or 23.4 dB if the Tx height is elevated to 54 m.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelVehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2016 IEEE 83rd
Antal sider5
ForlagIEEE
Publikationsdato18 maj 2016
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-1-5090-1698-3
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 18 maj 2016
Begivenhed2016 IEEE 83rd Vehicular Technology Conference VTC2016-Spring - Nanjing, Nanjing, Kina
Varighed: 15 maj 201618 maj 2016

Konference

Konference2016 IEEE 83rd Vehicular Technology Conference VTC2016-Spring
LokationNanjing
LandKina
ByNanjing
Periode15/05/201618/05/2016

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Macros
Roofs
Steerable antennas
Antennas

Citer dette

Nguyen, H. C., Rodriguez, I., Sørensen, T. B., Sanchez, M. L. L., Kovacs, I., & Mogensen, P. E. (2016). An Empirical Study of Urban Macro Propagation at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. I Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2016 IEEE 83rd IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2016.7504125
Nguyen, Huan Cong ; Rodriguez, Ignacio ; Sørensen, Troels Bundgaard ; Sanchez, Maria Laura Luque ; Kovacs, Istvan ; Mogensen, Preben Elgaard. / An Empirical Study of Urban Macro Propagation at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2016 IEEE 83rd. IEEE, 2016.
@inproceedings{a97a6f34461649648f0eff1d4aa411e5,
title = "An Empirical Study of Urban Macro Propagation at 10, 18 and 28 GHz",
abstract = "This paper investigates the propagation characteristics of the urban macro cells at centimeter-wave (cmWave) frequencies, in particular at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. The measurement are performed at several Tx locations and heights, in both LOS and NLOS conditions, and with distance up to 1,400 m. The distance-dependent mean path loss and shadow fading's standard deviation (std) are extracted for all cases based on a single-slope path loss model, and offered here for quick determination of link budget and system capacity. The results show the potential usage of the cmWave band for mobile cellular services in the years to come: The NLOS path loss slopes at 10 and 18 GHz are not much different from the 2 GHz reference, and the corresponding offsets are in order of 20-23 dB for 25 m Tx height. This gap is expected to be overcome by the usage of high-gain miniaturized steerable antenna, which is feasible due to the reduced antenna aperture size at the cmWave band. Like the 2 GHz band, the shadow fading's std) is within 6~dB for NLOS. The effect of Tx height is clearly shown in NLOS scenario. At 10 GHz, for example, 7.5 dB gain could be achieved by raising the Tx antenna from 15 m (below average roof-top) to 25 m (above roof-top), or 23.4 dB if the Tx height is elevated to 54 m.",
author = "Nguyen, {Huan Cong} and Ignacio Rodriguez and S{\o}rensen, {Troels Bundgaard} and Sanchez, {Maria Laura Luque} and Istvan Kovacs and Mogensen, {Preben Elgaard}",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1109/VTCSpring.2016.7504125",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2016 IEEE 83rd",
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Nguyen, HC, Rodriguez, I, Sørensen, TB, Sanchez, MLL, Kovacs, I & Mogensen, PE 2016, An Empirical Study of Urban Macro Propagation at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. i Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2016 IEEE 83rd. IEEE, 2016 IEEE 83rd Vehicular Technology Conference VTC2016-Spring, Nanjing, Kina, 15/05/2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2016.7504125

An Empirical Study of Urban Macro Propagation at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. / Nguyen, Huan Cong; Rodriguez, Ignacio; Sørensen, Troels Bundgaard; Sanchez, Maria Laura Luque; Kovacs, Istvan; Mogensen, Preben Elgaard.

Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2016 IEEE 83rd. IEEE, 2016.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

TY - GEN

T1 - An Empirical Study of Urban Macro Propagation at 10, 18 and 28 GHz

AU - Nguyen, Huan Cong

AU - Rodriguez, Ignacio

AU - Sørensen, Troels Bundgaard

AU - Sanchez, Maria Laura Luque

AU - Kovacs, Istvan

AU - Mogensen, Preben Elgaard

PY - 2016/5/18

Y1 - 2016/5/18

N2 - This paper investigates the propagation characteristics of the urban macro cells at centimeter-wave (cmWave) frequencies, in particular at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. The measurement are performed at several Tx locations and heights, in both LOS and NLOS conditions, and with distance up to 1,400 m. The distance-dependent mean path loss and shadow fading's standard deviation (std) are extracted for all cases based on a single-slope path loss model, and offered here for quick determination of link budget and system capacity. The results show the potential usage of the cmWave band for mobile cellular services in the years to come: The NLOS path loss slopes at 10 and 18 GHz are not much different from the 2 GHz reference, and the corresponding offsets are in order of 20-23 dB for 25 m Tx height. This gap is expected to be overcome by the usage of high-gain miniaturized steerable antenna, which is feasible due to the reduced antenna aperture size at the cmWave band. Like the 2 GHz band, the shadow fading's std) is within 6~dB for NLOS. The effect of Tx height is clearly shown in NLOS scenario. At 10 GHz, for example, 7.5 dB gain could be achieved by raising the Tx antenna from 15 m (below average roof-top) to 25 m (above roof-top), or 23.4 dB if the Tx height is elevated to 54 m.

AB - This paper investigates the propagation characteristics of the urban macro cells at centimeter-wave (cmWave) frequencies, in particular at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. The measurement are performed at several Tx locations and heights, in both LOS and NLOS conditions, and with distance up to 1,400 m. The distance-dependent mean path loss and shadow fading's standard deviation (std) are extracted for all cases based on a single-slope path loss model, and offered here for quick determination of link budget and system capacity. The results show the potential usage of the cmWave band for mobile cellular services in the years to come: The NLOS path loss slopes at 10 and 18 GHz are not much different from the 2 GHz reference, and the corresponding offsets are in order of 20-23 dB for 25 m Tx height. This gap is expected to be overcome by the usage of high-gain miniaturized steerable antenna, which is feasible due to the reduced antenna aperture size at the cmWave band. Like the 2 GHz band, the shadow fading's std) is within 6~dB for NLOS. The effect of Tx height is clearly shown in NLOS scenario. At 10 GHz, for example, 7.5 dB gain could be achieved by raising the Tx antenna from 15 m (below average roof-top) to 25 m (above roof-top), or 23.4 dB if the Tx height is elevated to 54 m.

U2 - 10.1109/VTCSpring.2016.7504125

DO - 10.1109/VTCSpring.2016.7504125

M3 - Article in proceeding

BT - Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2016 IEEE 83rd

PB - IEEE

ER -

Nguyen HC, Rodriguez I, Sørensen TB, Sanchez MLL, Kovacs I, Mogensen PE. An Empirical Study of Urban Macro Propagation at 10, 18 and 28 GHz. I Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2016 IEEE 83rd. IEEE. 2016 https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2016.7504125