BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with low skeletal muscle mass and severe airway obstruction have higher mortality risks. However, the relationship between dynamic/static lung function (LF) and thoracic skeletal muscle measurements (SMM) remains unclear. This study explored patient characteristics (weight, BMI, exacerbations, dynamic/static LF, sex differences in LF and SMM, and the link between LF and SMM changes.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a 12-month prospective follow-up study patients with stable COPD undergoing standardized treatment, covering mild to severe stages, was conducted. The baseline and follow-up assessments included computed tomography and body plethysmography.

RESULTS: This study included 35 patients (17 females and 18 males). This study revealed that females had more stable LF but tended to have greater declines in SMM areas and indices than males (-5.4% vs. -1.9%, respectively), despite the fact that females were younger and had higher LF and less exacerbation than males. A multivariate linear regression showed a negative association between the inspiratory capacity/total lung capacity ratio (IC/TLC) and muscle fat area.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest distinct LF and BC progression patterns between male and female patients with COPD. A low IC/TLC ratio may predict increased muscle fat. Further studies are necessary to understand these relationships better.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvances in respiratory medicine
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)123-144
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Lung/diagnostic imaging
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnostic imaging
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • computed tomography
  • thorax
  • lung function
  • skeletal muscle
  • COPD


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