Diagnosis and understanding of chronic biofilm infections

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingResearch

Abstract

Title: Diagnosis and understanding of chronic biofilm infections.


Name: Trine Rolighed Thomsen
Aalborg University and Danish Technological Institute, Denmark

Recent evidence suggests that the microbial community, its spatial distribution and activity play an important role in the prolongation of treatment and healing of chronic infections. Standard bacterial cultures often underestimate the microbial diversity present in chronic infections. This lack of growth is often due to a combination of inadequate growth conditions, prior usage of antibiotics and presence of slow-growing, fastidious, anaerobic or unculturable bacteria living in biofilms. Thus, diagnosis of chronic infections is challenged by lack of appropriate sampling strategies and by limitations in microbiological testing methods.
The purpose of this study was to improve sampling and diagnosis of chronic infections, especially considering the biofilm issue.
Systematic and optimized sampling of various specimen types was performed. Extended culture, optimized DNA extraction, quantitative PCR, cloning, next generation sequencing and PNA FISH were applied on different types of specimens for optimized diagnosis. For further investigation of the microbial pathogenesis, in situ transcriptomics and metabolomics were applied.
Molecular techniques detected a larger diversity of microorganisms than culture methods in several patients and a heterogeneous distribution of bacteria in various specimens from the same patient was evident. Data from a 2-year prospective study on prosthetic joint infections including 164 patient cases will be presented. Transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses indicated the important virulence genes and nutrient acquisition mechanisms of Staphylococcus aureus in situ.
Our studies show that diagnosis of chronic biofilm related infections required multiple specimen types, standardized sampling, extended culture and molecular analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeding 6th Clinical Microbiology Conference
Publication date20 Oct 2016
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2016
Event6th clinical microbiology conference - Rome, Italy
Duration: 20 Oct 201622 Oct 2016
http://clinicalmicrobiology.conferenceseries.com/2016

Conference

Conference6th clinical microbiology conference
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period20/10/201622/10/2016
Internet address

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