Direct versus indirect electrochemical oxidation of pesticide polluted drainage water containing sodium chloride

Jens Muff, Rasmus Erichsen, Christian Damgaard, Erik Gydesen Søgaard

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingResearch

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Abstract

Drainage water from a depot of chemical waste, polluted with a mixture of organophosphates and degradation products was treated by a direct as well as an indirect electrochemical method using a Ti/Pt-Ir anode and Stainless Steel 304 cathode. With a concentration of 0.7%, sodium chloride was the main electrolyte. The direct electrochemical treatment showed a first order degradation of COD with an optimal energy consumption of 110 kWh/kg CODr. At constant current, addition of sodium chloride resulted in increased degradation up to 2%, whereas no further degradation was obtained at higher concentrations. Analyses of the actual pollutants, Me-Parathion, parathion, malathion and degradation products, confirmed that the concentrations of all initial pollutants were eliminated during the treatment. The only exception was O,O,O-triethyl-phosphoric acid, a degradation product which was formed during the treatment. Indirect electrochemical treatment, where a highly oxidized brine solution was added to the drainage water, revealed immediately reduction in COD, and similar to the direct treatment, degradation of all of the pesticide pollutants was obtained except for the O,O,O-triethyl-phosphoric acid.

The experiments proved that the obtained degradation of pesticide solely was caused by indirect electrochemical oxidation, mainly due to the electrolytic formation of hypochlorite during the treatment, and that direct electron transfer from the pesticide substances at the anode surface didn't significantly contribute to the degradation. Experiments with addition of aqueous sodium hypochlorite solution to the drainage water revealed that hypochlorite was the main oxidizing agent responsible for the indirect oxidation.

The experimentally obtained results for the pesticide degradation were compared to theoretic calculations of rate constants using the actual experimental conditions and reactor design. These calculations showed that assuming first order degradation rate, direct oxidation of the non-ionic pesticide substances due to mass diffusion, despite of turbulent conditions in the reactor, was negligible compared to electrolytic oxidation of chloride with subsequent indirect oxidation by hypochlorite due to the high impact of the electric field on the chloride ion. In this way, the theoretical calculations supported the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBook of Abstracts - Electrochemistry for a Healthy Planet : 6th Spring Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry
Number of pages1
PublisherInternational Society of Electrochemistry
Publication date2008
Pages267
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventElectrochemistry for a Healthy Planet - 6th Spring Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry - Foz do Iguazu, Brazil
Duration: 16 Mar 200819 Mar 2008
Conference number: 6

Conference

ConferenceElectrochemistry for a Healthy Planet - 6th Spring Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry
Number6
CountryBrazil
CityFoz do Iguazu
Period16/03/200819/03/2008

Keywords

  • Electrochemical oxidation
  • Water treatment
  • Degradation
  • Pollutants removal
  • Pesticides

Cite this

Muff, J., Erichsen, R., Damgaard, C., & Søgaard, E. G. (2008). Direct versus indirect electrochemical oxidation of pesticide polluted drainage water containing sodium chloride. In Book of Abstracts - Electrochemistry for a Healthy Planet: 6th Spring Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry (pp. 267). International Society of Electrochemistry.
Muff, Jens ; Erichsen, Rasmus ; Damgaard, Christian ; Søgaard, Erik Gydesen. / Direct versus indirect electrochemical oxidation of pesticide polluted drainage water containing sodium chloride. Book of Abstracts - Electrochemistry for a Healthy Planet: 6th Spring Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry. International Society of Electrochemistry, 2008. pp. 267
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abstract = "Drainage water from a depot of chemical waste, polluted with a mixture of organophosphates and degradation products was treated by a direct as well as an indirect electrochemical method using a Ti/Pt-Ir anode and Stainless Steel 304 cathode. With a concentration of 0.7{\%}, sodium chloride was the main electrolyte. The direct electrochemical treatment showed a first order degradation of COD with an optimal energy consumption of 110 kWh/kg CODr. At constant current, addition of sodium chloride resulted in increased degradation up to 2{\%}, whereas no further degradation was obtained at higher concentrations. Analyses of the actual pollutants, Me-Parathion, parathion, malathion and degradation products, confirmed that the concentrations of all initial pollutants were eliminated during the treatment. The only exception was O,O,O-triethyl-phosphoric acid, a degradation product which was formed during the treatment. Indirect electrochemical treatment, where a highly oxidized brine solution was added to the drainage water, revealed immediately reduction in COD, and similar to the direct treatment, degradation of all of the pesticide pollutants was obtained except for the O,O,O-triethyl-phosphoric acid. The experiments proved that the obtained degradation of pesticide solely was caused by indirect electrochemical oxidation, mainly due to the electrolytic formation of hypochlorite during the treatment, and that direct electron transfer from the pesticide substances at the anode surface didn't significantly contribute to the degradation. Experiments with addition of aqueous sodium hypochlorite solution to the drainage water revealed that hypochlorite was the main oxidizing agent responsible for the indirect oxidation. The experimentally obtained results for the pesticide degradation were compared to theoretic calculations of rate constants using the actual experimental conditions and reactor design. These calculations showed that assuming first order degradation rate, direct oxidation of the non-ionic pesticide substances due to mass diffusion, despite of turbulent conditions in the reactor, was negligible compared to electrolytic oxidation of chloride with subsequent indirect oxidation by hypochlorite due to the high impact of the electric field on the chloride ion. In this way, the theoretical calculations supported the experimental results.",
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Muff, J, Erichsen, R, Damgaard, C & Søgaard, EG 2008, Direct versus indirect electrochemical oxidation of pesticide polluted drainage water containing sodium chloride. in Book of Abstracts - Electrochemistry for a Healthy Planet: 6th Spring Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry. International Society of Electrochemistry, pp. 267, Foz do Iguazu, Brazil, 16/03/2008.

Direct versus indirect electrochemical oxidation of pesticide polluted drainage water containing sodium chloride. / Muff, Jens; Erichsen, Rasmus; Damgaard, Christian; Søgaard, Erik Gydesen.

Book of Abstracts - Electrochemistry for a Healthy Planet: 6th Spring Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry. International Society of Electrochemistry, 2008. p. 267.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingResearch

TY - ABST

T1 - Direct versus indirect electrochemical oxidation of pesticide polluted drainage water containing sodium chloride

AU - Muff, Jens

AU - Erichsen, Rasmus

AU - Damgaard, Christian

AU - Søgaard, Erik Gydesen

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Drainage water from a depot of chemical waste, polluted with a mixture of organophosphates and degradation products was treated by a direct as well as an indirect electrochemical method using a Ti/Pt-Ir anode and Stainless Steel 304 cathode. With a concentration of 0.7%, sodium chloride was the main electrolyte. The direct electrochemical treatment showed a first order degradation of COD with an optimal energy consumption of 110 kWh/kg CODr. At constant current, addition of sodium chloride resulted in increased degradation up to 2%, whereas no further degradation was obtained at higher concentrations. Analyses of the actual pollutants, Me-Parathion, parathion, malathion and degradation products, confirmed that the concentrations of all initial pollutants were eliminated during the treatment. The only exception was O,O,O-triethyl-phosphoric acid, a degradation product which was formed during the treatment. Indirect electrochemical treatment, where a highly oxidized brine solution was added to the drainage water, revealed immediately reduction in COD, and similar to the direct treatment, degradation of all of the pesticide pollutants was obtained except for the O,O,O-triethyl-phosphoric acid. The experiments proved that the obtained degradation of pesticide solely was caused by indirect electrochemical oxidation, mainly due to the electrolytic formation of hypochlorite during the treatment, and that direct electron transfer from the pesticide substances at the anode surface didn't significantly contribute to the degradation. Experiments with addition of aqueous sodium hypochlorite solution to the drainage water revealed that hypochlorite was the main oxidizing agent responsible for the indirect oxidation. The experimentally obtained results for the pesticide degradation were compared to theoretic calculations of rate constants using the actual experimental conditions and reactor design. These calculations showed that assuming first order degradation rate, direct oxidation of the non-ionic pesticide substances due to mass diffusion, despite of turbulent conditions in the reactor, was negligible compared to electrolytic oxidation of chloride with subsequent indirect oxidation by hypochlorite due to the high impact of the electric field on the chloride ion. In this way, the theoretical calculations supported the experimental results.

AB - Drainage water from a depot of chemical waste, polluted with a mixture of organophosphates and degradation products was treated by a direct as well as an indirect electrochemical method using a Ti/Pt-Ir anode and Stainless Steel 304 cathode. With a concentration of 0.7%, sodium chloride was the main electrolyte. The direct electrochemical treatment showed a first order degradation of COD with an optimal energy consumption of 110 kWh/kg CODr. At constant current, addition of sodium chloride resulted in increased degradation up to 2%, whereas no further degradation was obtained at higher concentrations. Analyses of the actual pollutants, Me-Parathion, parathion, malathion and degradation products, confirmed that the concentrations of all initial pollutants were eliminated during the treatment. The only exception was O,O,O-triethyl-phosphoric acid, a degradation product which was formed during the treatment. Indirect electrochemical treatment, where a highly oxidized brine solution was added to the drainage water, revealed immediately reduction in COD, and similar to the direct treatment, degradation of all of the pesticide pollutants was obtained except for the O,O,O-triethyl-phosphoric acid. The experiments proved that the obtained degradation of pesticide solely was caused by indirect electrochemical oxidation, mainly due to the electrolytic formation of hypochlorite during the treatment, and that direct electron transfer from the pesticide substances at the anode surface didn't significantly contribute to the degradation. Experiments with addition of aqueous sodium hypochlorite solution to the drainage water revealed that hypochlorite was the main oxidizing agent responsible for the indirect oxidation. The experimentally obtained results for the pesticide degradation were compared to theoretic calculations of rate constants using the actual experimental conditions and reactor design. These calculations showed that assuming first order degradation rate, direct oxidation of the non-ionic pesticide substances due to mass diffusion, despite of turbulent conditions in the reactor, was negligible compared to electrolytic oxidation of chloride with subsequent indirect oxidation by hypochlorite due to the high impact of the electric field on the chloride ion. In this way, the theoretical calculations supported the experimental results.

KW - Elektrokemisk oxidation

KW - Vandbehandling

KW - Nedbrydning

KW - Fjernelse af forurening

KW - Pesticider

KW - Electrochemical oxidation

KW - Water treatment

KW - Degradation

KW - Pollutants removal

KW - Pesticides

M3 - Conference abstract in proceeding

SP - 267

BT - Book of Abstracts - Electrochemistry for a Healthy Planet

PB - International Society of Electrochemistry

ER -

Muff J, Erichsen R, Damgaard C, Søgaard EG. Direct versus indirect electrochemical oxidation of pesticide polluted drainage water containing sodium chloride. In Book of Abstracts - Electrochemistry for a Healthy Planet: 6th Spring Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry. International Society of Electrochemistry. 2008. p. 267