Foaming of CRT panel glass powder using Na2CO3

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The recycling of glass from obsolete cathode ray tubes (CRT) has hitherto only occurred to a very limited extent, but the production of foam glass used as an insulation material component has recently been proposed as a promising recycling method. CRT panel glass has high recycling potential due to its non-hazardous composition. Here we report on the foaming of CRT panel glass using Na2CO3 as the foaming agent. We explore how heat treatment temperature and concentration of Na2CO3 affect the density and porosity of the foam glasses, and whether Na2O is incorporated in the glass network. The optimum foaming temperature for minimising density and maximising closed porosity is found to be between 1023 and 1123 K. The pore structure depends on the amount of added Na2CO3, viz, the pores generally become more open with increasing Na2CO3 content. A minimum density of 0·28 g/cm3 is found when 14 wt% Na2CO3 is added and the heat treatment temperature is 1023 K. Interestingly, the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the final foam glass decreases linearly with increasing [Na2CO3], indicating that the Na2O is incorporated into the glass network.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2014



  • Foams glass
  • CRT panel glass
  • Na2CO3
  • Glass transition temperature

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