Technology and implementation of electric vehicles and plug‐in hybrid electric vehicles

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Abstract

In this report state of the art electric vehicle and plug‐in hybrid electric vehicle technology is presented to clarify the current and near term development. The current status of diffusion for electric vehicles in Denmark, Sweden and internationally is presented as well as the expected developments. Different business models and policies are also outlined along with a description of the on‐going research and demonstration projects.

An analysis of the current and near term electric and plug‐in hybrid electric vehicles indicate that the cost for family cars will not change much, while the ranges of electric vehicles will increase and may even double for some family cars compared to the existing models. The average driving range in this report increases from around 150 km for existing electric vehicles to more than 200 km for near term electric vehicles (expected new models in 2012‐2013). Also the power capabilities may increase meaning that e.g. acceleration capabilities will improve as well as the top speed. This development occurs due to new battery technology that may experience substantial improvements in the coming years. When looking at plug‐in hybrid electric vehicles the electric range are significantly lower than for pure electric vehicles, but have in turn a higher
top speed and power capabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages77
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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