This paper focus on the investigation of aerial communications for drones connected to cellular networks in urban areas. Most of the previous measurement based channel models for urban environments do not extend to users located at heights above rooftops. On the other hand, UAVs are expected to fly at the very low level (VLL) airspace, in heights much lower than those covered by previous air-to-ground models. By means of field measurements, this paper presents height-dependent closed form expressions for the urban channel model (path loss slope and shadowing) extending to heights up to 40 m and compares the observed results with 3GPP reference models and previous studies. Measurements were conducted by a radio scanner attached to a construction-lift to measure the radio signal from three different live LTE networks (800, 1800, and 2600 MHz). Results suggest radio path clearance increases with height. As a consequence, it leads to an increase in number of cells in the detectable range and in the set of neighbors within 3 dB of the serving cell in the receiver, indicating neighbor cells are closer to each other in the power domain.
|Konference||IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference |
|Periode||15/04/2018 → 18/04/2018|
|Navn||I E E E Wireless Communications and Networking Conference. Proceedings|