Ten questions concerning occupant-centric control and operations

Zoltan Nagy, H. Burak Gunay, Clayton Miller, Jakob Hahn, Mohamed Ouf, Seungjae Lee, Brodie W. Hobson, Tareq Abuimara, Karol Bandurski, Maíra André, Clara-Larissa Lorenz, Sarah Crosby, Bing Dong, Zixin Jiang, Yuzhen Peng, Matteo Favero, June Young Park, Kingsley Nweye, Pedram Nojedehi, Helen StoppsLucile Sarran, Connor Brackley, Kathrine Bassett, Krissy Govertsen, Nicole Koczorek, Oliver Abele, Michael Kane, Zheng O'Neill, Tao Yang, Julia Day, Brent Huchuk, Runa T. Hellwig, Marika Vellei

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Occupant-Centric Control and Operation (OCC) represents a transformative approach to building management, integrating sensing of indoor environmental quality, occupant presence, and occupant-building interactions. These data are then utilized to optimize both operational efficiency and occupant comfort. This paper summarizes the findings from the IEA-EBC Annex 79 research program's subtask on real world implementations of OCC during the past 5 years. First, in Q1 and Q2, we provide a definition and categorization of OCC. Q3 addresses the role of building operators for OCC, while Q4 describes the implications for designers. Then, Q5 and Q6 discuss the role and possibilities of OCC for load flexibility, and for pandemic induced paradigm shifts in the built environment, respectively. In Q7, we provide a taxonomy and selection process of OCC, while Q8 details real world implementation case studies. Finally, Q9 explains the limits of OCC, and Q10 provides a vision for future research opportunities. Our findings offer valuable insights for researchers, practitioners, and policy makers, contributing to the ongoing discourse on the future of building operations management.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110518
JournalBuilding and Environment
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2023


  • Personal control
  • Building Operation
  • occupant centric control
  • occupant behaviour
  • Satisfaction
  • interface design
  • affordances
  • human in the loop
  • perceived control
  • Sufficiency


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