A multiple-perspective approach to graphic notation

Susanna Cohen, Avi Gilboa, Carl Bergstrøm-Nielsen, Rivka Leder, Yifat Milstein

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

1 Citationer (Scopus)


The need to describe and analyze the contents of music therapy sessions, together with the need to find methods of raising therapist awareness, are areas of great interest for the music therapist. In this study an expansion of Bergstrøm-Nielsen’s (1993) method of graphic notation for representing music therapy improvisations is presented: multipleperspective graphic notation (MGN). A description of the method is provided, followed by a demonstration using a clinical improvisation taken from an individual music therapy session. The use of the MGN as a tool for raising therapist awareness, uncovering previously undetected therapist countertransference, and providing validation of the therapist’s understanding of the phenomena is discussed.
TidsskriftNordic Journal of Music Therapy
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)1-23
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2011


  • music therapy
  • clinical analysis
  • triangulation
  • countertransference
  • qualitative research
  • graphic notation