Discovery of Loss Imbalance in SiC Half-Bridge Power Modules – Analysis and Validations

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Abstract

It is commonly assumed that power semiconductor switching losses are the same for high-side and low-side devices in a half-bridge power module. However, this paper reveal that the high-side SiC MOSFET in a medium voltage power module exhibits over 40% higher switching energy compared to the low-side SiC MOSFET. The loss imbalance is attributed to the parasitic high-side gate capacitance in the power module, which contributes to the equivalent high-side Miller capacitance. A physics-based switching energy dissipation model is therefore proposed, distinguishing between low-side and high-side switching energy dissipation. Double pulse testing demonstrates that high-side switching energy dissipation increases by 5mJ per 2.5pF increment in equivalent Miller capacitance, aligning closely with the analytically calculated increase of 6mJ per 2.5pF. Continuous power module testing shows a 10°C increase in high-side junction temperature. The findings from this paper offer crucial insights into research, design, and manufacturing of half-bridge modules enabled by SiC MOSFETs.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftI E E E Transactions on Power Electronics
Sider (fra-til)1-15
Antal sider15
ISSN0885-8993
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 21 feb. 2024

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