Experimental animal models for brain abscess: a systematic review

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReview (oversigtsartikel)peer review

1 Citationer (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Brain abscess (BA) is a rare, but severe infection and experimental BA animal models may prove crucial for advances in treatment. This review describes the development of experimental BA models and the clinical advances obtained from these, in a historical perspective.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experimental BA studies from inception until June 15, 2022, were included by searching the PubMed and Embase databases. Inclusion required the use of an experimental BA animal model. Non-bacterial BA models, in vitro studies, veterinarian case-reports, and articles written in non-English language were excluded. Bias was not systematically assessed, and the review was not registered at the PROSPERO.

RESULTS: 79 studies were included. The majority of animal BA models have been based on small rodents using Staphylococcus aureus. The models have delineated the natural development of BA and provided detailed descriptions of the histopathological characteristics consisting of a necrotic centre surrounded by layers of inflammatory cells and fibroblasts encapsulated by a dense collagenous layer. Radiological studies of animal BA have been shown to correlate with the corresponding stages of human BA in both computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and may guide diagnosis as well as the timing of neurosurgical intervention. Moreover, pharmacokinetic studies of the intracavitary penetration of various antimicrobials have helped inform medical treatment of BA. Other studies have examined the diverse effects of corticosteroids including decreased cerebral oedema, intracranial pressure, and intracavitary drug concentration, whereas concerns on decreased or weakened capsule formation could not be confirmed. Finally, studies on the immunological response to BA have highlighted potential future immunomodulatory targets.

CONCLUSIONS: Animal models have been vital for improvements in the management of BA. Experimental BA models resembling human disease including polymicrobial infection by oral cavity flora in large animals are needed.

TidsskriftBritish Journal of Neurosurgery
Antal sider8
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 29 dec. 2022


Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Experimental animal models for brain abscess: a systematic review'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.