Influence of the cognitive workload on bicycle safety at four-legged intersections

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

Resumé

Background: Cycling is an environmental-friendly and energy-efficient transport mode that also has a positive impact on health. Also, cycling is an inevitable tool for reduced congestion level. However, according to the European Commission (2016), bicycle fatalities made up 8,1% of all traffic fatalities in the EU countries. They appear mainly at intersections of urban areas (OECD 2017). One of the influential factors in bicycle fatalities is the spatial behaviour of cyclists influenced by the cognitive workload. It affects peoples' physical and mental ability to react on the surrounding environment and make decisions in a complicated situation that is critical in traffic safety. The studies conducted previously on cognitive workload focused on drivers of autonomous vehicles. However, less is known about bicyclists. Therefore, a more in-depth study is offered to gain a comprehensive insight on the influence of the cognitive workload on bicyclists spatial behaviour when crossing four-legged intersections.
Aim: The primary objective of this research is to understand the effect of the cognitive workload on bicyclists. Therefore, we propose the evaluation methodology that should reveal what is the influence of workload capacity on bicyclists spatial behaviour in a natural environment of four-legged intersections.
Method: Due to the traffic safety of test participants, the study is divided in two phases. In the first phase, the actual physical environment of the four-legged intersection and bicyclists natural spatial behaviour will be observed and recorded through eye tracking glasses without any interference of participants from their primary riding task. In total 50 test participants with their own bicycles will be selected to cover, approximately 500m predefined bicycle path, with focus on the four-legged intersection. The eye tracking glasses will be used to make video and audio recording of visible field of where or how long bicyclists are allocating their visual attention while riding a bicycle and facing obstacles when crossing the four-legged intersection. On the second phase, a bicycle riding simulator (similar to the driving simulator) of the same four-legged intersection will be used in usability laboratory with the same test participants. Differing from the first experiment, the test participants' cognitive workload will be increased by giving them secondary tasks as a distraction from the primary riding task. This will allow to understand the allocation of bicyclists attention between primary and secondary tasks, to reveal the limit of the information processing capacity during biking.
Results expected: Two experimental results will be incorporated to gain in-depth knowledge on bicycle accidents at four-legged intersections. It is expected to uncover bicyclists decision making about spatial behaviour in critical situations when engaged with secondary tasks. Also, gain more insights on spatial problems regarding vehicles coming from behind, left and right turnings as detected in the police report.
Conclusions: The research intends to contribute to the bicycle safety by providing new insights for local officials on threats at four-legged intersections. The cognitive workload is considered as one of the main sources for traffic accidents, therefore, outcomes should help to answer why particular four-legged intersection could be more dangerous causing more crashes and injuries for bicyclists than others.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelImproving the safety of vulnerable road users
Udgivelses stedVancouver, Canada
ForlagInternational Co-operation on Theories and Concepts in Traffic Safety (ICTCT)
Publikationsdato2018
StatusUdgivet - 2018

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Bicycles
Simulators
Audio recordings
Glass
Video recording
Highway accidents
Law enforcement
Accidents
Decision making
Health

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    Kveladze, I., & Agerholm, N. (2018). Influence of the cognitive workload on bicycle safety at four-legged intersections. I Improving the safety of vulnerable road users Vancouver, Canada: International Co-operation on Theories and Concepts in Traffic Safety (ICTCT).
    Kveladze, Irma ; Agerholm, Niels. / Influence of the cognitive workload on bicycle safety at four-legged intersections. Improving the safety of vulnerable road users. Vancouver, Canada : International Co-operation on Theories and Concepts in Traffic Safety (ICTCT), 2018.
    @inbook{2b13b3d867e444ad99cc01856f197d12,
    title = "Influence of the cognitive workload on bicycle safety at four-legged intersections",
    abstract = "Background: Cycling is an environmental-friendly and energy-efficient transport mode that also has a positive impact on health. Also, cycling is an inevitable tool for reduced congestion level. However, according to the European Commission (2016), bicycle fatalities made up 8,1{\%} of all traffic fatalities in the EU countries. They appear mainly at intersections of urban areas (OECD 2017). One of the influential factors in bicycle fatalities is the spatial behaviour of cyclists influenced by the cognitive workload. It affects peoples' physical and mental ability to react on the surrounding environment and make decisions in a complicated situation that is critical in traffic safety. The studies conducted previously on cognitive workload focused on drivers of autonomous vehicles. However, less is known about bicyclists. Therefore, a more in-depth study is offered to gain a comprehensive insight on the influence of the cognitive workload on bicyclists spatial behaviour when crossing four-legged intersections.Aim: The primary objective of this research is to understand the effect of the cognitive workload on bicyclists. Therefore, we propose the evaluation methodology that should reveal what is the influence of workload capacity on bicyclists spatial behaviour in a natural environment of four-legged intersections. Method: Due to the traffic safety of test participants, the study is divided in two phases. In the first phase, the actual physical environment of the four-legged intersection and bicyclists natural spatial behaviour will be observed and recorded through eye tracking glasses without any interference of participants from their primary riding task. In total 50 test participants with their own bicycles will be selected to cover, approximately 500m predefined bicycle path, with focus on the four-legged intersection. The eye tracking glasses will be used to make video and audio recording of visible field of where or how long bicyclists are allocating their visual attention while riding a bicycle and facing obstacles when crossing the four-legged intersection. On the second phase, a bicycle riding simulator (similar to the driving simulator) of the same four-legged intersection will be used in usability laboratory with the same test participants. Differing from the first experiment, the test participants' cognitive workload will be increased by giving them secondary tasks as a distraction from the primary riding task. This will allow to understand the allocation of bicyclists attention between primary and secondary tasks, to reveal the limit of the information processing capacity during biking. Results expected: Two experimental results will be incorporated to gain in-depth knowledge on bicycle accidents at four-legged intersections. It is expected to uncover bicyclists decision making about spatial behaviour in critical situations when engaged with secondary tasks. Also, gain more insights on spatial problems regarding vehicles coming from behind, left and right turnings as detected in the police report.Conclusions: The research intends to contribute to the bicycle safety by providing new insights for local officials on threats at four-legged intersections. The cognitive workload is considered as one of the main sources for traffic accidents, therefore, outcomes should help to answer why particular four-legged intersection could be more dangerous causing more crashes and injuries for bicyclists than others.",
    keywords = "Cognitive workload, Bicycle safety",
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    booktitle = "Improving the safety of vulnerable road users",
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    Kveladze, I & Agerholm, N 2018, Influence of the cognitive workload on bicycle safety at four-legged intersections. i Improving the safety of vulnerable road users. International Co-operation on Theories and Concepts in Traffic Safety (ICTCT), Vancouver, Canada.

    Influence of the cognitive workload on bicycle safety at four-legged intersections. / Kveladze, Irma; Agerholm, Niels.

    Improving the safety of vulnerable road users. Vancouver, Canada : International Co-operation on Theories and Concepts in Traffic Safety (ICTCT), 2018.

    Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Influence of the cognitive workload on bicycle safety at four-legged intersections

    AU - Kveladze, Irma

    AU - Agerholm, Niels

    N1 - Improving the safety of vulnerable road users” – Challenges and Opportunities

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - Background: Cycling is an environmental-friendly and energy-efficient transport mode that also has a positive impact on health. Also, cycling is an inevitable tool for reduced congestion level. However, according to the European Commission (2016), bicycle fatalities made up 8,1% of all traffic fatalities in the EU countries. They appear mainly at intersections of urban areas (OECD 2017). One of the influential factors in bicycle fatalities is the spatial behaviour of cyclists influenced by the cognitive workload. It affects peoples' physical and mental ability to react on the surrounding environment and make decisions in a complicated situation that is critical in traffic safety. The studies conducted previously on cognitive workload focused on drivers of autonomous vehicles. However, less is known about bicyclists. Therefore, a more in-depth study is offered to gain a comprehensive insight on the influence of the cognitive workload on bicyclists spatial behaviour when crossing four-legged intersections.Aim: The primary objective of this research is to understand the effect of the cognitive workload on bicyclists. Therefore, we propose the evaluation methodology that should reveal what is the influence of workload capacity on bicyclists spatial behaviour in a natural environment of four-legged intersections. Method: Due to the traffic safety of test participants, the study is divided in two phases. In the first phase, the actual physical environment of the four-legged intersection and bicyclists natural spatial behaviour will be observed and recorded through eye tracking glasses without any interference of participants from their primary riding task. In total 50 test participants with their own bicycles will be selected to cover, approximately 500m predefined bicycle path, with focus on the four-legged intersection. The eye tracking glasses will be used to make video and audio recording of visible field of where or how long bicyclists are allocating their visual attention while riding a bicycle and facing obstacles when crossing the four-legged intersection. On the second phase, a bicycle riding simulator (similar to the driving simulator) of the same four-legged intersection will be used in usability laboratory with the same test participants. Differing from the first experiment, the test participants' cognitive workload will be increased by giving them secondary tasks as a distraction from the primary riding task. This will allow to understand the allocation of bicyclists attention between primary and secondary tasks, to reveal the limit of the information processing capacity during biking. Results expected: Two experimental results will be incorporated to gain in-depth knowledge on bicycle accidents at four-legged intersections. It is expected to uncover bicyclists decision making about spatial behaviour in critical situations when engaged with secondary tasks. Also, gain more insights on spatial problems regarding vehicles coming from behind, left and right turnings as detected in the police report.Conclusions: The research intends to contribute to the bicycle safety by providing new insights for local officials on threats at four-legged intersections. The cognitive workload is considered as one of the main sources for traffic accidents, therefore, outcomes should help to answer why particular four-legged intersection could be more dangerous causing more crashes and injuries for bicyclists than others.

    AB - Background: Cycling is an environmental-friendly and energy-efficient transport mode that also has a positive impact on health. Also, cycling is an inevitable tool for reduced congestion level. However, according to the European Commission (2016), bicycle fatalities made up 8,1% of all traffic fatalities in the EU countries. They appear mainly at intersections of urban areas (OECD 2017). One of the influential factors in bicycle fatalities is the spatial behaviour of cyclists influenced by the cognitive workload. It affects peoples' physical and mental ability to react on the surrounding environment and make decisions in a complicated situation that is critical in traffic safety. The studies conducted previously on cognitive workload focused on drivers of autonomous vehicles. However, less is known about bicyclists. Therefore, a more in-depth study is offered to gain a comprehensive insight on the influence of the cognitive workload on bicyclists spatial behaviour when crossing four-legged intersections.Aim: The primary objective of this research is to understand the effect of the cognitive workload on bicyclists. Therefore, we propose the evaluation methodology that should reveal what is the influence of workload capacity on bicyclists spatial behaviour in a natural environment of four-legged intersections. Method: Due to the traffic safety of test participants, the study is divided in two phases. In the first phase, the actual physical environment of the four-legged intersection and bicyclists natural spatial behaviour will be observed and recorded through eye tracking glasses without any interference of participants from their primary riding task. In total 50 test participants with their own bicycles will be selected to cover, approximately 500m predefined bicycle path, with focus on the four-legged intersection. The eye tracking glasses will be used to make video and audio recording of visible field of where or how long bicyclists are allocating their visual attention while riding a bicycle and facing obstacles when crossing the four-legged intersection. On the second phase, a bicycle riding simulator (similar to the driving simulator) of the same four-legged intersection will be used in usability laboratory with the same test participants. Differing from the first experiment, the test participants' cognitive workload will be increased by giving them secondary tasks as a distraction from the primary riding task. This will allow to understand the allocation of bicyclists attention between primary and secondary tasks, to reveal the limit of the information processing capacity during biking. Results expected: Two experimental results will be incorporated to gain in-depth knowledge on bicycle accidents at four-legged intersections. It is expected to uncover bicyclists decision making about spatial behaviour in critical situations when engaged with secondary tasks. Also, gain more insights on spatial problems regarding vehicles coming from behind, left and right turnings as detected in the police report.Conclusions: The research intends to contribute to the bicycle safety by providing new insights for local officials on threats at four-legged intersections. The cognitive workload is considered as one of the main sources for traffic accidents, therefore, outcomes should help to answer why particular four-legged intersection could be more dangerous causing more crashes and injuries for bicyclists than others.

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    KW - Bicycle safety

    M3 - Book chapter

    BT - Improving the safety of vulnerable road users

    PB - International Co-operation on Theories and Concepts in Traffic Safety (ICTCT)

    CY - Vancouver, Canada

    ER -

    Kveladze I, Agerholm N. Influence of the cognitive workload on bicycle safety at four-legged intersections. I Improving the safety of vulnerable road users. Vancouver, Canada: International Co-operation on Theories and Concepts in Traffic Safety (ICTCT). 2018